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India’s ruling center-left government led by the Congress Party had proposed economic packages and limited autonomy for the Kashmir region to end a renewed upsurge against New Delhi’s rule.

But separatists and India’s main opposition, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), rejected the offer.

Meanwhile, India’s Armed Forces Special Powers Act — which allows security forces to shoot, arrest and search — has alienated Kashmiris, and human rights violations have been reported frequently in the area.

The Indian government, which held a meeting of its Cabinet committee on security Monday, is weighing the option of diluting the special power of the armed forces in the region to assuage the Kashmiris’ anger. Some officials fear that weakening the armed forces will help the separatists.

The ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government has blamed the latest unrest in Kashmir on a section of separatist leaders and the Pakistani-based terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba.

Lashkar-e-Taiba was behind the 2008 Mumbai attacks, which killed 166 people.

Syed Ali Shah Geelani, chairman of the Hurriyat Conference, has said the Indian government’s promises of employment opportunities for youths in the region carry no hope for the 10 million Kashmiris.

“Kashmir is not an economic issue. Kashmiris want right of self-determination and total troops withdrawal,” he said last month.

A survey released in May by Robert Bradnock of the London-based think tank Chatham House shows that 87 percent of Kashmiris on the Indian side have serious concerns about unemployment.

“New Delhi must show the imagination and creativity to start a new chapter,” said Amitabh Matto, an analyst on Kashmir issues.