You are currently viewing the printable version of this article, to return to the normal page, please click here.

Hybrid battery niche stimulates Obama

But high costs could drain energy from future sales

- Associated Press - Monday, September 13, 2010

President Obama celebrated the opening of an advanced battery plant in Michigan on Monday as a critical boost for hybrid and electric cars — and a success for his administration's economic stimulus program.

But even as mass-produced advanced batteries start rolling off assembly lines, costs are high for consumers, and hurdles remain.

"This is about the birth of an entire new industry in America, an industry that's going to be central to the next generation of cars," Mr. Obama said Monday in a phone call broadcast at the opening of A123 Systems Inc.'s lithium ion battery plant in Livonia, Mich.

"And it's going to allow us to start exporting those cars, making them comfortable, convenient, and affordable. … When folks lift up their hoods on the cars of the future, I want them to see engines and batteries that are stamped: 'Made in America,'" Mr. Obama said, according to a transcript of the call released by the White House.

Fending off criticism of the $814 billion stimulus program, the administration has cited the battery industry as one of the success stories. With new facilities coming online in the Midwest, battery manufacturers for the advanced vehicles are providing a test case for the government's attempt to revive the economy.

About 300 employees, many laid-off auto workers, listened Monday as Mr. Obama spoke. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm and others were also on hand to promote their production of battery cells and components. Watertown, Mass.-based A123 Systems Inc. received $249 million under the stimulus program and plans to open a second facility next year in Romulus, Mich.

Automotive supplier Johnson Controls Inc. last week started shipping batteries that were made at a Holland, Mich., facility built with the help of $299 million in federal grants. The factory expects to employ 90 workers by late next year and could produce 75,000 to 150,000 batteries a year, depending on the mix of hybrid and electric vehicles it supplies.

The Energy Department estimates that the 48 advanced battery and electric drive projects announced last year under the $2.4 billion program could lead to the production of about 75,000 batteries by next year and 500,000 batteries annually by 2014. Michigan, Indiana, Ohio and South Carolina are the states with the largest share of the projects.

Despite the fanfare, the battery industry faces many hurdles. Gas-electric hybrid vehicles represent about 1 percent of new vehicle sales, and many plug-in hybrids and battery electric cars are just entering the market.

Costs are high. The government has estimated that a battery with a 100-mile range costs about $33,000, although stimulus money could bring that down to $10,000 by the end of 2015.

The federal money has raised questions about whether the projects could create more capacity to build the electric batteries than will be met with demand for the vehicles in the future.

Mary Ann Wright, a Johnson Controls vice president, said if all of the battery companies follow through on plans to build up the industry, it could create more capacity than is needed in the short term. But she said the administration is working to address that by creating tax policies to encourage consumers to buy the vehicles and directing government fleets to adopt the technology.

"The rapid buildup of production capacity by companies with limited experience for product with challenging market may prove wasteful," said Menahem Anderman, founder and president of Total Battery Consulting, a California-based battery consulting firm.

Mr. Anderman said by e-mail that if by 2013-14 the factories are profitable and running at full capacity, Obama officials will be able to claim success. "Unfortunately that scenario is pretty unlikely," he said.

Matthew Rogers, an Energy Department senior adviser who has overseen the battery grants, said the administration was "very confident" that the demand for the vehicles — both for typical consumers and commercial fleet customers — will keep the factories operating. "The prices of these batteries are coming down faster than we expected," he said.

The companies say the federal incentives played a major role in opening the plants in the U.S. Without the money, they would have turned to Asia, where the vast majority of electronic batteries and components are now built.

Copyright 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.