- The Washington Times - Monday, April 11, 2011

LOS ANGELES | Police are using a combination of aggressive spy operations and community outreach to counter what Deputy Police Chief Michael P. Downing called the growing threat of Mumbai-style terrorist attacks — car bombings and small-arms-equipped suicide teams.

“The biggest fear I have is just what I don’t know,” Chief Downing, commanding officer of the counterterrorism and special operations bureau, said in an interview, in which he warned that the terrorism threat in the area remains “very real.”

“You need good intelligence. Do we have an idea of all the cells here? Do we know all the players? Do we know their associates? Does al Qaeda have good access to [weapons of mass destruction]? And how sophisticated can they get? That worries me,” he said.

For the Los Angeles Police Department, the top priority is countering violent, ideological extremism from several Muslim communities in the region made up of diaspora from Yemen, Libya, Egypt, Somalia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India and elsewhere.

Most of the communities are linked to their home nations and are quick to respond to events there, something the police monitor closely.

Chief Downing identified the main terrorism threats as violent Islamists such as al Qaeda, Hezbollah and Hamas, along with three other terrorist categories: black separatists, white supremacist/sovereign citizen extremists, and animal rights terrorists.

Al Qaeda, he said, has “morphed” into a more ideological threat that motivates spinoffs such as the Yemen-based Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.

Domestically, “now we kind of have a type of AQ in the United States,” Chief Downing said. “It’s where we have people who follow al Qaeda’s goals and objectives and mission and ideology.”

One likely attack scenario is a multitarget, synchronized assault by teams armed with smaller weapons, such as the 2008 terrorist attack on Mumbai that killed 174 people in 10 locations. A Mumbai-type attack is less expensive and would be designed to sow chaos and trigger media coverage, Chief Downing said, noting that a vehicle bomb like the one attempted in Times Square last year also is a risk.

A major threat is an effort by radical Muslims to take over the mosques in a region with the second-largest Muslim population in the U.S., Chief Downing said. He said radical Islamists have offered money to area mosques on the condition of replacing the imam with an extremist and then have threatened mosque leaders when they refused.

In one case, a mosque leader was told “we know where your niece is, how she walks to school in Pakistan, you want her to get to school, don’t you?’ That’s the kind of stuff that we’re dealing with here,” Chief Downing said.

One active terrorist recruiter is Yemen-based Anwar al-Awlaki, who has lived in San Diego and knows Los Angeles. Al-Awlaki has “a lot of cyberconnections” for his recruitment work in the area, he said.

Los Angeles has one of the few big-city police departments with a dedicated counterterrorism intelligence program.

“We’ve tried to institutionalize the idea of [counterterrorism] within the department so that people become collectors. People know what the threat is, they understand the threat domain, they know who the adversary is, what the capability is, what the intent is.”

Until several years ago, only 30 members of the police department engaged in counterterrorism intelligence work. That number grew to 750 in November after the special operations branch was added to the 300-member unit of officers working the intelligence operations against terrorists.

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