TRIPOLI, Libya (AP) — Forces loyal to Col. Moammar Gadhafi shelled a besieged western city Thursday, killing at least nine people, witnesses said, while the United States told a NATO meeting that the alliance must intensify its political, diplomatic and economic mission to isolate the Libyan leader and “bring about his departure.”
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon chaired a Cairo meeting of regional and international organizations on Libya and set three targets: reaching and implementing a cease-fire, delivering humanitarian aid and starting a dialogue on Libya’s future.
“Shelling your own people is not acceptable,” he said at a meeting at Arab League headquarters, referring to actions by Col. Gadhafi’s forces against anti-government rebels. “This is a violation of human rights.”
The fighting in Libya began in mid-February when large anti-government protests escalated into a civil war. Rebels now hold eastern Libya, while Col. Gadhafi controls the west, with the front line shifting back and forth in the middle. Three weeks of international airstrikes haven’t routed Col. Gadhafi’s forces.
Col. Gadhafi’s troops unleashed heavy shelling for three hours on the port city of Misrata, which is partly held by rebels who are defending positions against government forces. Col. Gadhafi’s troops have laid siege to the city, taking control of some neighborhoods. The port is Misrata’s only lifeline.
Col. Gadhafi’s troops hit the port with tank shells and Grad missiles, said a rebel who gave only his first name, Abdel-Salam. He said nine people were killed and 20 wounded in the barrage.
A doctor in Misrata, who gave his name only as Khaled for fear of retribution, said some of those killed were inside their houses asleep at the time of the shelling. Among the dead were two men ages 75 and 80.
Abdel-Salam, speaking by phone, said that a cement factory in the area was destroyed and that residents rushed into the streets in search of safer neighborhoods. Misrata is Libya’s third-largest city and the only one in the western part of the country still partly in rebel hands.
He said NATO did nothing to protect civilians from Thursday’s attack. “Every day, the residents find themselves forced to leave their houses, flee to already overcrowded houses with five or six families, which increases difficulty of the humanitarian situation in the city,” he said.
At the meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Berlin, members of the alliance stressed that their common aim is to bring an end to Col. Gadhafi’s regime, and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the world must increase its support for the Libyan opposition.
Although the alliance agrees that Col. Gadhafi must be ousted, it has been at odds on how to proceed.
One proposal from Italy, Libya’s former colonial ruler, calls for the Western powers to provide defensive weapons to rebels. France, which has said NATO isn’t doing enough, was pushing other countries at the meeting to work “on more robust, more efficient, more rapid actions,” according to French Foreign Ministry spokesman Bernard Valero in Paris.
At the Cairo meeting, European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said Col. Gadhafi “must leave immediately” and Libyans should be given a chance to choose a new leader.
Arab League chief Amr Moussa told reporters after the meeting that the situation in Libya is “very grave.”