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“It’s important to stop this raging violence and implement reforms,” Jordanian Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh said. “We reject the continuation of the killing.”

Turkey was increasing its consultations with countries in the region to try and find a “common stance” on Syria, Mr. Davutoglu said.

Turkey, a neighbor and former close ally of Syria, has been increasingly frustrated with Damascus’ crackdown. Mr. Davutoglu traveled to Syria last week and urged Mr. Assad to end the bloodshed. But Turkey, Syria‘s important trade partner, has not joined the U.S. and Europe in imposing sanctions.

In Washington, White House spokesman Jay Carney said Mr. Assad must “cease the systematic violence, mass arrests and the outright murder of his own people,” adding that the Syrian president “has lost legitimacy to lead.” Mr. Carney said the U.S. would be looking to apply further sanctions against Assad’s government.

Associated Press writer Suzan Fraser contributed to this report from Ankara, Turkey.