Irene another test of D.C.’s disaster prep

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Already bruised by an earthquake that damaged two of its iconic structures, the nation’s capital was watching and waiting Saturday for its first hurricane in more than a half-century, a storm that could test its ability to protect both national treasures and vulnerable residents.

The worst of Hurricane Irene was supposed to hit the District late Saturday night and early Sunday morning. Forecasts called for several inches of rain, wind gusts of up to 60 mph and possible flash flooding. The expectation led organizers to postpone the dedication of the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall that was expected to draw up to 250,000 people.

But beyond the tourist mecca of the Mall, the District is a diverse city of 600,000 with a stark divide between the wealth of Northwest and the poverty of Southeast. And in the impoverished neighborhood of Anacostia, many weren’t prepared for the storm — and weren’t assured that the D.C. government would do much to help them.

The District is constantly on guard against terrorist attacks, but some residents say it remains ill-prepared for disasters. People leaving the city after this week’s 5.8-magnitude earthquake — which caused cracks in the Washington Monument and millions of dollars in damage to the National Cathedral — snarled traffic for hours.

“I don’t think Washington is equipped for a big storm or evacuation or anything like that,” Melvin Holloway, 61, a retired D.C. water department employee, said as he sipped from a can of Bud Light outside a convenience store Saturday morning. “There’s just no communication.”

Flooding is one problem. City leaders last fall recognized that the National Mall along the Potomac River was vulnerable during a massive storm and started a project to upgrade the system of levees along the river. Construction has started but will take several years to complete.

Built on the banks of the Potomac on swampy ground, the District has always been under threat of river flooding from a major storm. A U.S. Army Corps of Engineers review after 2005’s devastating Hurricane Katrina concluded the city’s flood-control system — built some 70 years ago — was inadequate.

A map of potential flooding by the Federal Emergency Management Agency said museums such as the National Gallery of Art and federal buildings like the Commerce Department could be under as much as 10 feet of water if the current flood-control measures failed. That triggered planning for a better system.

This week, the city struggled to distribute sandbags, with hundreds of cars lining up for up to two hours to collect them. By about 3 p.m., the city had nearly run out. It gave away about 13,000 bags over two days to a cross-section of the population. Many were homeowners looking to protect their basements.

“They should have done it earlier,” State Department employee Tina Harris, 36, said as she snaked toward the front of the line in her minivan early Saturday afternoon following a wait of about an hour and a half.

At the same time, Ms. Harris, who lives in Northeast, which is not as vulnerable to flooding, said it was unrealistic for the District to prepare adequately for a hurricane.

“We haven’t had one before. We’re not used to it,” she said.

The last named storm to cause damage in the District was Isabel, which had weakened to a tropical storm when it hit in 2003. The last hurricane to hit was Hazel in 1954.

As for where people live, despite being built on two rivers, the District has relatively little waterfront housing, although certain neighborhoods, including wealthy Georgetown and the Southwest Waterfront, are susceptible to flooding. The waterfront has mixed demographics, but there are public housing complexes and lower-income neighborhoods near the water.

The District will be keeping its homeless shelters open for the duration of the storm, and had also set aside four places for displaced residents. By Saturday evening, those temporary shelters had yet to open.

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