- Al Gore’s climate-changers at EPA hearings foiled by cool temperatures
- Army’s 3-D printed bombs will create ‘a whole new universe’ of deadly capabilities
- Hamas calls on Hezbollah to join in fight against Israel
- Senators to FIFA, others: Don’t reward Putin with the World Cup in 2018
- U.S. condemns Israeli shelling of shelter in Gaza
- Obamacare shoots premiums up by 88 percent in California
- Chicken pox outbreak puts illegal immigrant facility on lockdown
- Obama to Republicans: ‘Stop just hatin’ all the time’
- U.S. chemical sites vulnerable despite millions spent on security: Congress
- Driverless cars to hit the British streets by 2015
Japan’s finance minister faces challenges as next leader
Question of the Day
TOKYO (AP) — Japan‘s finance minister was voted ruling party leader Monday and soon will be the prime minister, taking on a mind-boggling mix of challenges: tsunami recovery, a nuclear crisis and a bulging national debt, to name a few.
As finance minister, Yoshihiko Noda already has been battling economic malaise and the yen’s record surge, which hurts Japan‘s exporters. But when he takes over from Naoto Kan, Mr. Noda will take on an even more unenviable role with a much broader set of problems, including a rapidly aging population, public dismay with government and the efforts to rebuild from the worst disaster to hit Japan since World War II.
Nearly six months after the quake-spawned tsunami devastated Japan‘s northeastern coast, dozens of towns are still cleaning up and struggling to come up with reconstruction plans. The tsunami-damaged nuclear plant in Fukushima has displaced about 100,000 people, who live in temporary housing or with relatives, unsure of when they will return.
“It’s a tremendous pile of difficulties,” said Koichi Nakano, a political science professor at Sophia University. “All the while, there’s so much pressure on the government to deliver.”
A fiscal conservative, Mr. Noda is well-liked by some in the business community, but he also is viewed as lacking charisma. A profile in the mass circulation Asahi newspaper earlier this year described him as “a deep thinker, but also bland, inoffensive and nonconfrontational.”
Mr. Noda defeated Trade Minister Banri Kaieda — who was backed by a party powerbroker — in a runoff election 215-177 among ruling party members of parliament after none of the initial five candidates won a majority in the first round.
He faces an immediate challenge in restoring public confidence shattered by political infighting in the wake of the disasters — sentiment that sent Mr. Kan’s approval ratings plunging below 20 percent.
“Let us sweat together for the sake of the people,” Mr. Noda told fellow party members after the vote. “This is my heartfelt wish.”
Mr. Noda will become Japan‘s sixth prime minister in five years, a dismal track record of turnover that has done little to help the country tackle its problems and recover some of the confidence it has lost since the booming 1980s.
Even before the tsunami hit, Japan‘s economy was stuck in a 20-year funk and its population was graying, shrinking the tax base and labor pool.
“We lost the decades when Japan was more prosperous and world economic conditions were more conducive” to growth, Mr. Nakano said. “Now things have started to sour. We have these long-term structural issues waiting to be resolved.”
With Japan‘s ballooning deficit now twice the size of its gross domestic product, Mr. Noda has in the past suggested raising Japan‘s 5 percent sales tax. But he’s toned down that talk lately, and no quick change is expected on taxes, which would need parliamentary approval.
Japan‘s confluence of crises can be turned into an opportunity to set “a national agenda” that can get widespread public support, said Kiyoaki Aburaki, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. “It’s a good chance for Japanese politics to evolve,” he said.
Mr. Noda came from behind to win the runoff, getting 102 votes in the first round to Mr. Kaieda’s 143. The result could be seen as a slap against Ichizo Ozawa, a scandal-tainted party powerbroker who threw his support behind Mr. Kaieda.
TWT Video Picks
- Geraldo Rivera: Matt Drudge 'doing his best to stir up a civil war'
- Lois Lerner hated conservatives, new emails show
- Catholic League slams Obama: 'Do Christian lives mean so little to you?'
- HURT: Impeaching Obama is a losing strategy for the GOP
- CARSON: Rudderless U.S. foreign policy
- Patent workers paid to exercise, shop, do chores: report
- Federal judge grants 90-day stay in D.C. gun case
- Fla. mom arrested for allowing 7-year-old son to walk to park alone
- Senate overcomes first filibuster of Obama's border-spending bill
- Obama thanks Muslims for 'building the very fabric of our nation'
Obama's biggest White House 'fails'
Celebrities turned politicians
Athletes turned actors
20 gadgets that changed the world