The strike hit Col. Gadhafi’s home in his Tripoli compound, Bab al-Aziziya, in retaliation for the Libyan-sponsored bombing of a Berlin nightclub earlier that year that killed two U.S. servicemen.
Diplomats almost immediately questioned the claim. But Col. Gadhafi kept the story alive through the years.
Then, when investigations into the 1988 Pan Am airliner bombing over Lockerbie, Scotland, pointed to a Libyan hand in the attack, some theorized that Col. Gadhafi had ordered it to avenge Hana’s death in the U.S. airstrike.
But when Libyan rebels took over Tripoli and Bab al-Aziziya last week, they found a room in Col. Gadhafi’s home with Hana’s birth certificate and pictures of a young woman with the name “Hana” written on the back, possible indications that she lived well beyond infancy.
A Tripoli hospital official surfaced, saying she worked for him as a surgeon up until the rebels came to town.
And on Tuesday, Swiss officials confirmed that Hana Gadhafi’s name had appeared briefly earlier this year on a Swiss government document listing the names of senior Libyan figures targeted for sanctions.
Many Libyans believe she was never killed and talked about her existence openly.
Adel Shaltut, a Libyan diplomat at the U.N. in Geneva, said it was common knowledge that Hana Gadhafi wasn’t killed in the airstrike.
“All Libyans knew from the very beginning that it’s a lie,” he told the Associated Press, saying that she was married and had children.
In one of them from 1999, she is standing next to South African President Nelson Mandela, with his arm around her, during a family visit to Cape Town. Col. Gadhafi’s only biological daughter, Aisha, stands on Mr. Mandela’s other side and Col. Gadhafi’s wife Safiya is next to the girl identified as Hana.