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More than 30 protesters have been killed by Bahraini and GCC forces since the mass protests began on Feb. 14. An independent inquiry led by Egyptian-American war-crimes prosecutor Cherif Bassiouni is currently investigating to what degree government officials hold responsibility for the deaths.

Mr. Marzooq declined to say whether he agreed with the diplomatic action against Syria, stressing only that it reflected poorly not only on Bahrain but on Saudi Arabia and the other GCC states.

“Let them not show they are angels with other nations and devils with their people,” he said.

• This article is based in part on wire service reports.