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Motorcycle groups have been successful at lobbying for freedom to choose when it comes to wearing a safety helmet, she said.

“Their mantra is, ‘Let those who ride decide,’ but safety groups say, ‘Let those who pay have a say,’ ” she said. “Studies show that something like half [of all motorcyclists] don’t have adequate insurance, so when they sustain a significant head injury, all of us in society are paying the costs of these injured motorcyclists.”

Mr. Solon, the legislative director, said two weeks remain in the session for senators to review the revised draft of the House bill. He anticipates that any vote on the repeal could occur early in January, when lawmakers return from the holiday break.

“The current betting is [that] the House and Senate will send a bill to the governor,” said Jack McHugh, a senior legislative analyst for the Mackinac Center for Public Policy. “Will he sign it? Those who are talking don’t know, and those who know aren’t talking.

“There is a fairly large and passionate group that has mounted a sustained effort for more than a decade to get this done,” he said. “They have made a good case that this is indeed a matter of individual liberty versus government overreach.”

Mr. McHugh argued, however, that tying such a law to the state’s ongoing no-fault insurance conundrum is unnecessary.

“I would hate to see this issue get sandbagged by the inability of the legislature to resolve real substantive differences on the no-fault bill,” he said. “Linking the two, I would find it very unfortunate if on that basis that a passionate group that has worked so hard for this had the rug pulled out at the last minute.”