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Mr. Fitrat said at the time of the Kabul Bank scandal that he and other central bank officials charged with overseeing the nation’s financial system were being made scapegoats, while the Afghan government refused to charge politically connected individuals involved in making or receiving hundreds of millions of dollars in questionable loans.

Kabul Bank became a symbol of the country’s deep-rooted corruption.

Afghanistan’s financial system appears to be recovering slowly from the aftereffects of the near-collapse, which required a massive central bank bailout.

Last month, the IMF approved a three-year, $133.6 million loan for Afghanistan because it found the government had taken steps to address governance and accountability issues that surfaced during the Kabul Bank crisis. The decision reassured international donors, many whom withheld aid while waiting for the IMF decision.