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Ayse Gulsun, a CHP member of parliament, said the problem with Turkey’s leaders is that “they are always changing their minds.”

“One day they are with Iran - alone in the world - and the day after they change their mind and decide to host the NATO radar,” she said. “One day, we have very good relations with Syria, and the next day they’ve scrapped all relations.”

Ms. Gulsun also said the government has erred in scrapping its longtime alliance with Israel.

“The traditional diplomatic way of Turkey was to find a balance between Israel and the Arab world,” she said. “It was good because Turkey was the only country in the Muslim world to have the same relations with Israel and other Arab countries. But it’s changed now, and we don’t know the result.”

One result of Mr. Erdogan’s foreign policy has been a surge in his popularity throughout the region.

Last month, for the second year in a row, Mr. Erdogan emerged as the most-admired world leader in Arab countries, according to the 2011 Annual Arab Public Opinion Survey, conducted by the Brookings Institution’s Shibley Telhami.