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“Uniformed personnel are constrained from commenting on the new policy due to a very real risk of career penalties, but I am hearing about problems in the field that Congress should investigate.”

Another opponent of repealing the ban, Rep. Duncan Hunter, California Republican, said three months is too soon to draw concrete conclusions on how it will affect combat readiness, retention and recruitment in the long term.

Mr. Hunter, who served in Iraq and Afghanistan as a Marine Corps officer, had urged Mr. Obama to delay the repeal.

“I don’t think anyone really expected big problems right out of the starting gate, but some issues are bound to develop over time,” he said. “The question is whether the issues will rise to a level worth addressing. The military follows orders. That’s what it does.”

At the Pentagon, officials are pleased at how well the troops have accepted the change. Robert M. Gates, secretary of defense at the time, set out a methodical timetable that included sensitivity training for all 2.2 million active-duty and reserve personnel.

“The implementation of the repeal … is proceeding smoothly across the Department of Defense,” said Pentagon spokeswoman Eileen Lainez.

“We attribute this success to our comprehensive pre-repeal training program, combined with the continued close monitoring and enforcement of standards by our military leaders at all levels.”

The gay-rights movement is not satisfied with simply removing the ban.

OutServe, the once-secretive fraternity of gay troops that held its first convention in October in Las Vegas, is urging the Obama administration to provide the same types of benefits for gay partners that straight married couples receive.

The Pentagon said most benefits may not be granted to gay troops because of the federal Defense of Marriage Act, which defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman.

The gay-rights movement also wants the military to admit cross-dressers and transsexuals.

OutServe’s magazine set out its goals for lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgenders (LGBT) in an article, “Repeal Watch: What’s Next.”

“As the interviews for this post-repeal issue commenced, it became clear that while gays and lesbians can serve openly within the military, they have not yet escaped the limelight,” the article said.

“LGBT service members will remain central to two key issues to the greater fight for LGBT equality: The quest to seek marriage equality and nondiscrimination based on sexual orientation.”

OutServe spokeswoman Sue Fulton, a former Army captain, said the ban has been well-received among heterosexual troops.

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