With tea party-backed first-termers calling the shots, House Republicans snatched political defeat from the jaws of victory in a year-end showdown over Social Security payroll tax cuts and jobless benefits.
This time, they pushed the country to the brink — and wound up blinking.
“In the end House Republicans felt like they were re-enacting the Alamo, with no reinforcements and our friends shooting at us,” said veteran Republican Rep. Kevin Brady of Texas.
By spurning a deal that Senate Republicans had embraced, for a two-month extension of tax cuts for 160 million Americans and jobless benefits for millions more, the House wing of the party isolated itself politically and by some calculations improved President Barack Obama’s re-election prospects.
Friday brought a humbling surrender, the only realistic alternative despite grumbling from scattered holdouts and Newt Gingrich, courting tea party support in the race for the presidential nomination.
By then, even allies said Republicans had become vulnerable to Mr. Obama’s accusation that they, alone, were threatening a fragile economic recovery and the well-being of the employed and unemployed alike. “Right now, the bipartisan compromise that was reached on Saturday is the only viable way to prevent a tax hike on Jan. 1,” Mr. Obama said Tuesday after the House rejected the two-month measure that had sailed through the Senate on a vote of 89-10.
The reliably conservative editorial page of the Wall Street Journal piled on, referring to a circular Republican firing squad. The GOP has “achieved the small miracle of letting Mr. Obama position himself as an election-year tax cutter. … This should be impossible,” it wrote on Wednesday.
One poll said Mr. Obama ran ahead of Republicans when it came to handling taxes, an issue that has generally favored the GOP since Ronald Reagan sat in the White House three decades ago.
No less critical were Senate Republicans, fearing the impact on their own political prospects, both individually and as a group eager to gain a majority in the 2012 elections. A gain of four seats would give them control, and several close races are likely. Losses suddenly seemed possible instead. There was in even talk that the hardline stance by House Republicans was putting the GOP’s big majority in that chamber in danger.
Most importantly, for the first time all year, Senate GOP leader Mitch McConnell wasn’t in a position to help as House Speaker John A. Boehner sought to carry out the wishes of his rank and file, the Kentucky senator having voted for the bill that House Republicans insisted was a loser.
At its core, the dispute was a simple one.
Talks between the two parties in the Senate on a full-year extension faltered when negotiators could not agree on the cuts needed to make sure the measure did not increase deficits. The two-month stopgap bill was designed to keep the tax cuts and jobless benefits going until the negotiations could resume again after the first of the year.
To the tea party types, that smacked of government as usual, precisely what they came to Washington to change.
“We’re as unified as we’ve been all year,” said Rep. Louie Gohmert, R-Texas, on the night before the House Republicans rejected the Senate bill, demanded negotiations on a compromise and drove themselves into a political dead end.