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Mr. Durbin, Mr. Schumer and Mr. Obama never subscribed to it. In 2005 and 2006, they voted to try to block Janice Rogers Brown and William H. Pryor Jr. as judges and Samuel Anthony Alito Jr. as a Supreme Court justice even after the Gang of 14 declared there were no extraordinary circumstances in those cases warranting a filibuster. All three were confirmed eventually.

This week, though, all three touted the gang’s standard and lamented its breach with Tuesday’s vote.

Meanwhile, Mr. McConnell has embraced a 60-vote threshold for judicial nominees even though he blasted that during the Bush years. Back then, he said the Senate’s role as enshrined in the Constitution’s advice-and-consent clause should be limited to holding an up-or-down majority vote on judicial nominees.

Nearly three years into his term, Mr. Obama is still faring a little better than Mr. Bush at the same point. By the end of 2003, Democrats had successfully filibustered six Bush nominees. Republicans have blocked two of Mr. Obama’s picks.

Republicans first filibustered this year on Goodwin Liu. They said the law professor showed an inappropriate temperament by attacking Justice Alito during the latter’s confirmation hearings.

A week after his nomination was blocked, Mr. Liu withdrew from consideration. This summer, he was confirmed to a seat as a justice on California’s Supreme Court.

Tuesday’s vote broke down almost exclusively along party lines, with only Sen. Lisa Murkowski, Alaska Republican, deviating to vote with Democrats. Sen. Orrin G. Hatch, Utah Republican, voted “present.”

Another of Mr. Obama’s nominees, John McConnell, survived a Republican filibuster attempt in May when 11 Republicans joined with Democrats to allow an up-or-down vote on his nomination. All four of the Republicans on the Gang of 14 still in the chamber voted to let Judge McConnell’s nomination go forward.

All told, nine of the 14 are still in the chamber: in addition to the four Republicans, four Democrats and Sen. Joe Lieberman, who was a Democrat at the time but is now an independent.

Tuesday’s vote marked the first time they split entirely along partisan lines on a judicial filibuster vote.

Sen. Susan Collins, a Maine Republican who was part of the gang, said she still tries to adhere to the principles. In this case, she said, the appeals court for which Ms. Halligan was nominated has such a light workload that it doesn’t need another judge.

“It’s clear to me the size of that court needs to be shrunk,” she said.

Sen. Ben Nelson, a Nebraska Democrat who also was part of the gang, said he doesn’t see their agreement controlling things anymore.

“I don’t know if it’s dead, but the spirit is not alive,” Mr. Nelson said. “It served its purpose. It’s hard to reignite the coals after they’re out.”

Mr. Nelson said he still tries to adhere to the principles of extraordinary circumstances when considering a filibuster. He was the sole Democrat to vote to filibuster Mr. Liu.

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