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Patrick Gleason, director of state affairs for Americans for Tax Reform, said New York and California “have a spending problem, not a revenue problem.” California has spent $230 billion more and New York has spent $130 billion more than they would have if they had kept spending in line with population growth and inflation, he said.

“With these proposals, Cuomo and Brown are not so subtly encouraging employers to kindly leave,” Mr. Gleason said.

The Wall Street Journal, in an editorial Wednesday, suggested that the two Democratic governors could pay a political price for their “left turn” on higher taxes.

“So two states are now taking one more whack at the people who create wealth, in order to redistribute more of it,” the paper wrote. “For how that story ends, look to Europe.”