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But shortly before 11 p.m., the president addressed the nation, saying he would hand over his powers to Vice President Omar Suleiman but finish his term in office. As the president spoke, crowds in Cairo and other cities shouted, “Get out! Get out!”

On Friday, hundreds of thousands of angry people fanned out across the city and to protest in front of the Presidential Palace, the state television building and other key locations.

But as the sun began to set, shouts of “God is Great” rang out over Cairo as Mr. Suleiman announced the president’s resignation, adding that the army would take control of the country. Friday night was pandemonium in Cairo as revelers sang, danced, shot off fireworks, beat drums, honked their horns and congratulated one another well into the morning.

By Saturday, Tahrir Square remained packed with locals, many joining the protesters for the first time to celebrate. About 1,000 volunteers combed the streets picking up trash, scrubbing graffiti off walls and repainting curbs.

“This is our country now,” said 18-year-old Hind Shaaban, who sat by her black trash bag and broom on a short break. “We have to help it.”

In a coffee shop on the square, men smoking shisha pipes and drinking coffee were quick to point out that they were now free to speak their minds. They described the demands they said must be met before the Egyptian people are satisfied.

The men said they expect the constitution to be amended to allow for fair elections, the parliament to be disbanded and the end of a decades-old emergency law that has allowed the Egyptian police to arrest people without warrants or probable cause.

In an apparent effort to ease fears about military rule, the army announced Friday that it would lift the emergency laws “as soon as current circumstances end.”

Other demands include the formation of an independent police force and judiciary and the investigation of leaders accused of corruption, kidnapping and torture.

Many protesters say they are confident the military will make decisions based on the will of the people. Choices that do not reflect their demands, they said, would lead to more protests that would stop the army, just as they stopped Mr. Mubarak.

“I trust [the army] for the moment,” said Gaweed Abuashima, who came to Cairo from a village of 5,000 in the countryside when the uprising began. “If it is going to do something bad, then we will refuse it.”

By Saturday evening, army security measures were already in place. Since the protests began, government-imposed curfews as early as 3 p.m. have gone largely ignored. On Saturday night, curfew was set for midnight. Shortly after midnight, army checkpoints cut off Tahrir Square from most of Cairo and residents were told to get off the streets.

Early Sunday, soldiers surrounded the tent villages that had housed Tahrir protesters for weeks, allowing for a small stream of traffic to pass though the square. Many protesters already had left, saying they trusted the army to implement promised changes. Others had planned to stay until the changes took effect or a specific timeline had been set. By Sunday afternoon, most of the tents were gone.

A few tents remained, including that of Adi, a contractor. He said he had been questioned by bands of young men and asked by the army to leave. Upon refusal, he was not arrested, but others were forced to leave.

“They removed most of the tents while people were sleeping, or not at home,” he said, adding that he feared supporters of Mr. Mubarak’s party were planning on organizing counterprotests in the square, to demand the return of the regime.

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