- Associated Press - Monday, February 14, 2011

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Bahrain‘s security forces fired tear gas and rubber bullets Monday at thousands of anti-government protesters heeding calls to unite in a major rally and bring the Arab reform wave to the Persian Gulf for the first time.

The punishing tactics by authorities underscored the sharply rising tensions in the tiny island kingdom — a strategic Western ally and home to the U.S. Navy’s 5th Fleet.

Riot police — some firing bird shot pellets — moved against marchers in various sites to prevent a mass gathering in the capital, Manama, that organizers intended as an homage to Egypt’s Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the popular revolt that drove Hosni Mubarak from power.

Bahrain‘s protesters, however, claim they do not seek to overthrow the ruling monarchy but want greater political freedoms and sweeping changes in how the country is run.

Social media sites have been flooded with calls by an array of political youth groups, rights activists and others to join demonstrations later Monday, a symbolic day in Bahrain as the anniversary of the country’s 2002 constitution that brought pro-democracy reforms such as an elected parliament.

A Bahraini woman wears a Bahraini flag Monday, Feb. 14, 2011, during an anti-government demonstration in the village of Duraz, Bahrain, outside the capital of Manama. (AP Photo/Hasan Jamali)
A Bahraini woman wears a Bahraini flag Monday, Feb. 14, 2011, during ... more >

But opposition groups seek deeper changes from the country’s ruling dynasty, including transferring more decision-making powers to parliament and breaking the monarchy’s grip on senior government posts. Bahrain‘s majority Shi’ites — about 70 percent of the population — have long complained of systemic discrimination by the Sunni rulers.

The nation — no bigger in area than New York City — is among the most politically volatile in the Gulf. A crackdown on perceived dissidents last year touched off riots and street battles in Shi'ite areas.

On a highway to the capital, marchers ran for cover under a cloud of tear gas and barrage of bird shot fired by police. By nightfall, police vans and other vehicles blocked main roads into the city, which was largely deserted in many places as businesses closed early in anticipation of possible violence.

In the mostly Shi'ite village of Diraz, police fired rubber bullets and tear gas to halt a march by hundreds of peaceful demonstrators waving Bahraini flags and chanting: “No Shi’ites, no Sunnis, only Bahrainis.”

One woman sat in the road in front of riot squads and demanded freedom for all political prisoners.

Earlier, security forces moved against marchers in the mostly Shi'ite village of Newidrat in the southwest region. At least several people were injured, said witnesses, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of worries of reprisals from authorities.

The full number of casualties was not immediately known.

On Sunday, security units and protesters clashed in the Shi'ite village of Karzakan in western Bahrain, injuring several demonstrators and police.

In Manama, security forces were on high alert in anticipation of possible protesters streaming toward the main crossroads in a plan designed to echo Cairo’s Tahrir Square.

Bahrain‘s leaders have responded to the “Day of Rage” calls with concessions aimed at appeasing the protesters.

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