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Mr. Boehner told reporters Thursday that the House was allowed to vote as it saw fit, and that is the way he plans to run the chamber.

“This is not about me. This is not about my district. This ought to be about the U.S. House speaking on behalf of all Americans, both Democrats and Republicans,” he said.

Asked whether he would try to get the money restored in the Senate, he said, “I have no comment.”

Mrs. Pelosi, however, said that’s exactly what she will try to do with the money for the Presidio Trust.

“I will fight alongside Senators [Dianne] Feinstein and [Barbara] Boxer to ensure that this damaging provision never becomes law,” she said in a statement calling the vote “misguided.”

Mr. Obama took his lumps, too, and chiefly on environmental issues.

Lawmakers voted to block the Environmental Protection Agency from following through on regulating greenhouse gas emissions, voted to stop the EPA’s new rules allowing more ethanol to be blended into motor vehicle fuels, and voted to keep the EPA from shutting down a surface mining operation in West Virginia.

Another amendment that passed would defund many of Mr. Obama’s policy “czars,” who oversee key areas of policy from within the White House.

But the real bipartisan attack on Mr. Obama came over his Education Department’s rules to limit for-profit schools.

The administration argues that some of those schools take advantage of students and fail to deliver a worthwhile education, but a broad coalition of Republicans and Democrats said the department’s new rules would hurt honest programs, too.

Sacred cows got gored last week on the Senate side, too, where senators voted for the first major limits to the Essential Air Service program in a decade. Under that program, the federal government subsidizes service at out-of-the-way airports that would otherwise likely be uneconomical to keep open.

While the Senate rejected amendments to do away with EAS, they did accept Sen. Tom Coburn’s amendment to restrict it to cities that are 100 miles away from a major airport — up from the current 70-mile requirement.

Among the other projects to get the ax, at least in the House bill, were a $42.6 million cut to the U.S. Institute of Peace, $10.7 million for the East-West Center, $10 million in grants to improve sewers in Tijuana, Mexico, $20.5 million in cuts to the National Endowment for the Arts, nine amendments to halt funding all or parts of the new health care law, and a $20 million cut in programs to reduce the debt of countries with tropical rain forests.

Also taking a hit was the National Drug Intelligence Center, which rank-and-file lawmakers had long sought to kill but which had been protected by its patron, Rep. John P. Murtha, a Democrat who used to use earmarks to keep his southwestern Pennsylvania district awash in federal money.

Murtha died last year, and lawmakers seized on the chance to defund the center, which employs more than 200 people.

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