- Associated Press - Wednesday, February 23, 2011

CHICAGO (AP) — Former White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel won’t have much time to celebrate his victory as Chicago’s new mayor.

Mr. Emanuel, who overwhelmed the race with truckloads of money and friends in high places from Washington to Hollywood, will take control of a city in deep financial trouble, with problems ranging from an understaffed police department to underperforming schools.

On Tuesday, Mr. Emanuel won 55 percent of the vote, easily outdistancing former Chicago Public Schools President Gery Chico, who had 24 percent, and former Sen. Carol Moseley Braun and City Clerk Miguel del Valle, who each had 9 percent. He will succeed Mayor Richard M. Daley, who is retiring after 22 years in office as the longest-serving mayor in Chicago’s history.

Mr. Emanuel was back at it early Wednesday, greeting voters at a South Side train stop and saying he was heartened by the support he received “and the opportunity to turn the page and start anew with a fresh beginning on tackling the problems that face the city of Chicago.”

The city he inherits, though perhaps more beautiful than ever after years of extensive urban improvements, is in financial straits that it hasn’t seen since before Mr. Daley’s father, Mayor Richard J. Daley, came to power in the 1950s.

“Not since the Great Depression have the finances of the city been this precarious,” said Dominic Pacyga, a historian and author of “Chicago: A Biography.” The city’s next budget deficit again could exceed $500 million, mostly the result of reduced tax revenue from the recession, and could reach $1 billion if the city properly funds its pension system.

Mr. Emanuel, who takes office May 16, also faces a fractious political landscape.

He’ll have to find new leadership for the struggling public school system, as two top interim executives plan to leave. He’ll also need a new police chief, having said he would not renew Police Superintendent Jody Weis’ contract. The department is suffering from low morale and staffing estimated at 1,000 officers below previous levels.

Members of the City Council, including a number elected Tuesday, have made clear they will demand more authority after years of domination by Mr. Daley.

In 25 years of public life, Mr. Emanuel has earned a reputation as a skilled politician and as a political operative, serving in both the Clinton and Obama administrations and as a congressman from Chicago. But the mayor’s office will test his mettle as an executive.

Throughout the campaign, Mr. Emanuel has acknowledged he’ll have to make budget cuts, and he promised to spread the pain as fairly as possible, starting with his own office.

But, like the other candidates, he has been vague about how he’ll accomplish the reductions, and nothing he has suggested comes close to the projected deficit.

Mr. Emanuel said he can save $110 million by streamlining “outdated and duplicative work processes to focus on front-line service delivery,” according to his campaign. His campaign did not use the word “layoffs,” but it did allude to “reducing layers of management bureaucracy and consolidating redundant tasks.”

“What comes next is a bunch of ugly,” said Ralph Martire, executive director of the bipartisan Center for Tax and Budget Accountability. “It’s going to be a brutal budget year, and there are not quick and easy fixes.”

The politics of the cuts could be perilous. Most of the deficit is in the $3.1 billion general fund, which pays for the police and fire departments, which have been cut significantly since 2000, Mr. Martire said.

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