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In 2007, a federal jury rejected the death penalty against Larry Gooch, convicted of carrying out murders as the enforcer of the so-called M Street Crew in a neighborhood not far from the National Arboretum. He’s serving life in prison.

In a different drug conspiracy case a few years earlier, a jury split on giving the death penalty to Kevin Gray, convicted in 19 murders, and Rodney Moore, convicted in 10 murders. Both received life in prison.

In 2006, another death-penalty case fell apart before it ever got to trial when U.S. District Judge Ellen S. Huvelle threw out the confessions of three members of the Liberation Army of Rwanda brought to the U.S. to face charges of killing two Americans on a safari vacation in Uganda.