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“For the sake of humanity, go now,” Mr. Rudd advised Col. Gadhafi in a speech to the Human Rights Council in Geneva.

He later told the Associated Press his nation supported the creation of a U.N.-mandated no-fly zone over Libya aimed to prevent the type of aerial bombing unleashed on the Basque town of Guernica in 1937, killing hundreds in the Spanish Civil War. A no-fly zone would require the approval of the 15-member U.N. Security Council.

“Guernica is known throughout the world for the bombing of the civilian population. We have seen evidence of that in Libya. Let us not simply stand idly by while similar atrocities are committed again,” Mr. Rudd told the AP.

Mr. Fillon said the prospect of a no-fly zone over Libya needed U.N. support, “which is far from being obtained today,” and he questioned whether NATO should get involved in a civil war in a North African country. The NATO chief already has rejected intervening in Libya.

Mr. Lavrov, the Russian minister, said he and Mrs. Clinton didn’t talk about a possible no-fly zone over Libya in their meeting Monday.

Mrs. Clinton came to Geneva to make the administration’s case for stronger action against Col. Gadhafi.

“We want him to leave, and we want him to end his regime and call off the mercenaries and those troops that remain loyal to him,” Mrs. Clinton told reporters a day after President Obama branded Col. Gadhafi an illegitimate ruler who must leave power immediately.

British and German military planes swooped into Libya’s desert over the weekend to rescue hundreds of oil workers and civilians stranded at remote sites. The secret military missions signaled the readiness of Western nations to disregard Libya’s territorial integrity when it comes to the safety of their citizens.

“Right now, our attention is focused on Libya — and rightly so,” Ms. Ashton told the Human Rights Council. “The fact that so many colleagues from across the world have gathered here today tells us something big. That what is going on — the massive violence against peaceful demonstrators — shocks our conscience. It should also spring us into action.”

Some 1.5 million foreigners were in Libya before the uprising began. Turkey said Monday it had evacuated 18,000 citizens. Over 20,000 Chinese workers and 10,000 EU citizens also have left Libya, and tens of thousands of others have fled into the neighboring countries of Tunisia and Egypt.

The U.N. Security Council has instructed the International Criminal Court to look into possible crimes against humanity occurring in Libya, only the second such referral. The first was in 2005, when the United Nations asked the world’s first permanent war crimes tribunal to probe mass killings in Darfur.

Frank Jordans and Bradley Klapper in Geneva, Sylvie Corbet and Angela Charlton in Paris, Raf Casert in Brussels, Danica Kirka in London and Geir Moulson in Berlin contributed to this report.