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States redrawing political maps
Incumbents will try to hold turf
Question of the Day
The new battle lines literally haven’t even been drawn on the map yet, but the political jostling is well under way in states that will gain and lose U.S. House seats in 2012 because of congressional redistricting.
For incumbents in states that stand to lose a precious House seat, the elbows are already out.
All five members of Iowa’s congressional delegation say they will run again — even though only four seats will be up for grabs. In Massachusetts, one of the state’s 10-member delegation — all Democrats — is going to be the odd man out. Already party leaders are talking about drafting one of the 10, perhaps even Rep. Barney Frank, the state’s best-known House member, to take on first-term Republican Sen. Scott Brown instead.
Another high-profile congressman feeling the heat from redistricting: Ohio’s Rep. Dennis J. Kucinich, who wasted no time in e-mailing supporters recently to weigh in on his behalf with state lawmakers redrawing the map. Ohio and New York were the only states to lose two House seats in the redistricting shuffle.
“In light of the strong chance that my district may be eliminated, my continued presence in Congress … will obviously call for a much different strategy,” he wrote. “I will not wait until a new Ohio map is produced to begin this crucial discussion of the consequences of congressional redistricting.”
With Southern and Southwestern states such as Florida and Texas posting the biggest population gains in the 2010 census, Republicans plan to use this redistricting cycle to consolidate and expand their 242-193 seat edge in the House of Representatives.
The big winner from the 2010 census — Texas — is also sparking one of the most closely watched redistricting endgames. With four new seats up for grabs, Republicans are in the driver’s seat in Austin in carving out the new districts, but Democrats are already warning the GOP not to get too greedy.
“All of the population growth in Texas is due to Hispanics and African-Americans,” said Matt Angle, who heads up the Lone Star Project, a political action committee pushing for more minority representation in the state.
“The only way that Republicans can have a net increase is if they unfairly suppress minority voters,” said Mr. Angle.
Still, he predicted the GOP, which controls the Texas legislature and every statewide office, would try to “run the table” and pick up all four seats.
Actually, a lot of Texas Republicans are upfront about their plans.
“We’re a Republican state,” Republican Rep. Pete Olson, who represents the Houston district once represented by former House Majority Whip Tom DeLay, told the Hill newspaper. “And we think most of those seats should be red seats.”
Mr. Olson, who has worked with state lawmakers on redistricting, said last month that the GOP was committed to a fair map, but he said Republicans will do what it takes to add to their advantage.
Texas A&M political science professor Harvey Tucker said the GOP would be as aggressive this cycle as they were 10 years ago, though there are still limits to their ambition.
The Obama administration’s Justice Department, headed by Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr., has a seat at the table because it is charged with protecting minority voting rights under the 1965 Voting Rights Act. This cycle will mark the first time since the law was signed that redistricting will occur with a Democrat in the White House.
© Copyright 2014 The Washington Times, LLC. Click here for reprint permission.
About the Author
David Eldridge joined The Washington Times in 1999 and over the next seven years helped lead the paper’s coverage of regional politics and government, Sept. 11, and the sniper attacks of 2002. In 2006, he was named managing editor of the paper’s website. He came to The Times from the Telegraph in North Platte, Neb., where he served as executive ...
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