- Associated Press - Wednesday, January 12, 2011

WASHINGTON (AP) - Schoolchildren would have to hold the fries _ and pick up more whole grains, fruits and vegetables _ on the lunch line under proposed new federal standards for school lunches.

The Agriculture Department proposal applies to lunches subsidized by the federal government and would be the first major nutritional overhaul of school meals in 15 years. It is expected to be announced Thursday.

The guidelines, which were obtained by The Associated Press and confirmed by USDA, would require schools to cut sodium in those meals by more than half, use more whole grains and serve low fat milk. They also would limit kids to only one cup of starchy vegetables a week, so schools couldn’t offer french fries every day.

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said the new standards could affect more than 32 million children and are crucial because kids can consume as much as half of their daily calories in school.

“If we don’t contain obesity in this country it’s going to eat us alive in terms of health care costs,” Vilsack said Wednesday, prior to the release of the guidelines.

While many schools are improving meals already, others are still serving children meals high in fat, salt and calories. The new guidelines are based on 2009 recommendations by the Institute of Medicine, the health arm of the National Academy of Sciences.

The announcement comes just a few weeks after President Barack Obama signed into law a child nutrition bill that will help schools pay for the healthier foods, which often are more expensive.

The subsidized meals that would fall under the guidelines proposed this week are served as free and low-cost meals to low-income children and long have been subject to government nutrition standards. The new law for the first time will extend nutrition standards to other foods sold in schools that aren’t subsidized by the federal government, including “a la carte” foods on the lunch line and snacks in vending machines. Those standards, while expected to be similar, will be written separately.

The announcement is a proposal, and it could be several years before and schools are required to make changes.

The new USDA guidelines would:

_ Establish the first calorie limits for school meals.

_ Gradually reduce the amount of sodium in the meals over 10 years, with the eventual goal of reducing sodium by more than half.

_ Ban most trans fats.

_ Require more servings of fruits and vegetables.

_ Require all milk served to be low fat or nonfat, and require all flavored milks to be nonfat.

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