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“The transparency and accountability in this resolution will ensure that the public’s business will be done in public, that bills and nominations are not swept under the rug, never again to see the light of day,” said Sen. Ron Wyden, Oregon Democrat, who sponsored the measure.

The Senate also passed a resolution that will end the practice of reading aloud amendments that have been publicly available for three days, a move designed to save time.

The rule changes were pushed by a group of freshman Democrats, including Sen. Jeff Merkley of Oregon and Sen. Tom Udall of New Mexico, along with the five-term Mr. Harkin.

But Mr. Udall, who had hoped his colleagues would’ve accepted more sweeping changes, suggested he will continue to push for more rules reforms.

“I don’t think this is the end of the rules debate,” he said. “That’s why we have a full-time rules committee to take a look at this.