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Paradoxically, the expansion of a legal free market may be increasing the size of the black market, particularly for the goods and services the new entrepreneurs need to survive.

Newly legalized pizzerias must have a steady supply of cheese, flour and tomato paste; self-employed construction workers must have building materials; manicurists must find nail polish.

And then there are the many activities that by their nature must remain hidden under Cuba’s controlled system.

The Internet is strictly regulated in Cuba, so those who sell time on accounts that belong to doctors, professors and computer technicians do so on the sly. The government maintains a monopoly on that most quintessential of Cuban products, the cigar, so the hundreds of underground stogie-rolling factories will stay underground.

Likewise, the sale of gold is regulated, so those who melt it down for false teeth won’t get licenses anytime soon.