- Associated Press - Wednesday, July 27, 2011

NEWPORT, R.I. The folk music band the David Wax Museum entered a contest last year - along with 150 other bands - for a chance to play the Newport Folk Festival. As unbelievable as it was to the members of the Boston-based band, they won.

Then, they rocked. The performance kick-started a wild year that saw the band tour the country and win praise from NPR and Time magazine. This weekend, the band heads back to the Newport Folk Festival - this time to perform on the main stage.

“Because of Newport, we were able to find a receptive audience,” David Wax said. Mr. Wax, along with fiddle- and jawbone-playing Suz Slezak, is the core of the band, which fuses Mexican and American folk traditions. “Nobody had heard of us. There were no expectations. But at Newport there were people willing to give us a chance.”

Folk music’s popularity may have ebbed and flowed since Bob Dylan famously traded in his acoustic for an electric guitar here in 1965, but the festival itself is as relevant as ever. Sold out in advance for the first time in its more than 50-year history, the festival continues to lure veteran stars like Emmylou Harris while serving as a proving ground for new bands looking for their big break.

The festival gets under way Saturday at Fort Adams State Park. An audience of some 10,000 is expected for two days of performances from Miss Harris, the Decemberists, Gillian Welch, Elvis Costello and many more. Thanks to the flexible and ever-expanding definition of what constitutes folk music, they all fit snugly under the folk umbrella.

Or maybe not so snugly.

“I think of folk music as really, really bland sounding,” said Amelia Meath, member of vocal trio Mountain Man, scheduled to perform Sunday. “Folk can mean anything. All it means is music from people. I guess you could say everything is folk music.”

To George Wein, the man who created the folk festival in 1959 and continues to produce it, there’s more connecting Pete Seeger, Joan Baez and Mr. Dylan to today’s artists than the name of a music festival.

“All these young people have passed through rock, and they’re going back to hear music and traditions from before rock,” said Mr. Wein, 85. “A lot of these bands might have been called folk back then, and now they have these huge followings.”

Singer-songwriter Matthew Ward, who performs as M. Ward, has played the folk festival before and will return this year. He said he’s often asked to define folk music, but he doesn’t have a good answer.

“It’s really a very rough, loose term,” he said. “It’s a mash-up of lots of things. But it’s alive and well.”

Mr. Ward said he doesn’t enjoy playing at most festivals. Newport, he said, is a different scene. He’s spending an extra day at the festival to check out other performances.

“Most festivals … they’re crowded places with bad sound,” Mr. Ward said. “But at Newport they actually care about the music. It does have a really important history to it, but in the here and now, it’s just a really great festival.”

Newport also has a tradition of providing the big break that young musicians and new bands are seeking. A then-unknown 18-year-old Miss Baez performed at the inaugural festival. A year later she had a record contract.

The band the Low Anthem’s first experience at Newport was picking up trash.

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