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Mr. Morales has made a series of concessions and spending decisions that have been welcomed by the otherwise distrustful farmers.

One concession is to stop opposing the introduction of genetically modified crops other than soybeans. This month, he submitted a bill that would allow more modified crops.

He also announced plans to invest $1 billion in farming projects in the next four years, and is starting to spend $100 million this year on water and irrigation projects as a hedge against future dry spells.

Some sugar farmers have accepted $20 million in new government loans, and corn farmers are pleased that the government now is paying 10 percent more for their crops to supply a state-run food distribution company.

But most corn, sugar and soybean production remains in the hands of farmers in Santa Cruz, and they say they want the government to ease up on regulation and encourage investment.

“We can’t fight the ravages of nature, but what’s doing the most harm are inappropriate policies that discourage production,” said Gary Rodriguez of the National Institute of Foreign Commerce, a leading business group.

“Farmers already have plenty to deal with coping with the climate.”