CAIRO (AP) — Egyptian security forces clashed with hundreds of youths for a second day Wednesday in Cairo over demands that the country’s military rulers speed up the prosecution of police officers accused of brutality during mass protests that forced President Hosni Mubarak to step down. Some 180 people have been injured, officials said.
In scenes reminiscent of the 18-day uprising that ousted Mr. Mubarak early this year, riot police deployed around the Interior Ministry building fired in the air or used tear gas as demonstrators threw rocks and firebombs. The fighting left streets littered with rocks and debris. A heavy white cloud of tear gas hung over the area.
The protests attest to the continual upheaval in Egypt, nearly five months after Mr. Mubarak stepped down as the country grapples with a worsening economic crisis and as a security vacuum that has led to a surge in crime persists.
The question of serving justice to those responsible for the deaths of the some 850 protesters during the uprising and the regime stalwarts charged with corruption is among the most divisive in post-Mubarak Egypt. Many of those who took part in the uprising accuse the ruling military of showing too much reverence to key figures of the old regime and lenience with senior police commanders accused of ordering the killing of protesters.
Security and hospital officials said 48 policemen and 132 protesters were hurt, with 60 hospitalized, in the clashes that began Tuesday. Most suffered from gas inhalation or concussions, the officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the media. At least 18 cars and 11 stores were damaged, they said.
Ambulances ferried the wounded to hospitals, and volunteer doctors and nurses treated others on sidewalks.
The military issued a statement on its Facebook page saying the clashes were designed to “destabilize the country” and drive a wedge between the groups behind the uprising and the security forces. It called on Egyptians not to join the protests.
Some of the protesters used scarves to fend off tear gas or stripped down to the waist. They pelted police cars with rocks and advanced when the riot police lines retreated. But while the main chant back in January and February was “The people want to oust the regime,” screams of “the people want to oust the field marshal” dominated on Tuesday and Wednesday.
That was a reference to Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi, Mr. Mubarak’s longtime defense minister and chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, who took over after the former president stepped down Feb. 11. Field Marshal Tantawi is seen by some of the youth groups behind the uprising to be a key member of the Mubarak regime.
Critics also charge that Field Marshal Tantawi’s policies are designed to keep the old order, and they accuse him of deliberately stalling the process of purging Mubarak loyalists and failing to reform the hated Interior Ministry and its security agencies.
The clashes are likely to widen the rift between many Egyptians and the police, blamed for most of the human rights abuses during Mr. Mubarak’s nearly three decades in power. They also are likely to delay efforts aimed at empowering the police to fully take back the streets after their unexplained disappearance following deadly clashes with protesters during the uprising and the deployment of army troops in their place in late January.
Mr. Mubarak’s security chief, former Interior Minister Habib el-Adly, is on trial along with several of his top aides for ordering the use of deadly force against the protesters. This week, his trial was adjourned until July 25, a decision that touched off clashes between relatives and police deployed outside the courthouse. Some of the victims’ relatives want Mr. Mubarak to be included in the case against Mr. el-Adly.
Mr. Mubarak has been under arrest at a hospital in the Red Sea resort city of Sharm el-Sheikh and has been charged separately with ordering the killing of the protesters. Both men face the death penalty if convicted.
The clashes began Tuesday evening when some 100 people claiming to be relatives of the uprising’s victims tried to storm a ceremony held at a Nile-side theater to honor the memory of 10 protesters killed in the uprising. Clashes between them and security guards at the theater began when they were denied entry. The men pelted the theater with rocks.
Police arrested seven of the attackers, but the rest headed to the road outside the state television building across the river. They persuaded relatives of the victims staging a sit-in outside the building to join them. Together, they marched to the Interior Ministry, where they clashed with police and later headed to the nearby Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the uprising. They battled the police again until authorities ordered the police to pull back.