DHARMSALA, India (AP) — The Dalai Lama said Thursday that he will give up his political role in the Tibetan government-in-exile and shift that power to an elected representative, as the 76-year-old Tibetan Buddhist spiritual leader struggles with growing worries about who will succeed him when he dies.
Speaking on the anniversary of the failed 1959 uprising against Chinese rule in his Himalayan homeland that sent him into exile, the Dalai Lama said the time had come “to devolve my formal authority to the elected leader.”
While he long has said he wants the exile government to take on some of his powers, Thursday’s announcement appeared to mark the beginning of a countdown. The Dalai Lama said he would propose amendments to the exile constitution during the parliament’s next session, which begins March 14 in this Indian hill town, where the exiles are based.
A new prime minister will be elected a few days later, and the timing indicates the Dalai Lama may want that premier to take up his political duties. Any Tibetan who has registered with the government-in-exile is allowed to cast a ballot; most of the electorate is made up of exiles.
Beijing vilifies the Dalai Lama as a political schemer, has negotiated only fleetingly with his representatives and made clear that it intends to have the final say in naming his successor when he dies.
Not surprisingly, Thursday’s announcement was met with derision in Beijing.
Talk of retirement “are his tricks to deceive the international community,” said Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu, who called him “a political exile under a religious cloak now engaged in activities aimed at splitting China.”
In Dharmsala, the Dalai Lama said he repeatedly had been urged by followers to retain his political powers, which range from approving legislation to giving oaths of office, but said the community needed a leader “elected freely by the Tibetan people.”
The shift in power will “benefit Tibetans in the long run. It is not because I feel disheartened,” he said.
But the Dalai Lama’s power and influence go far beyond the exile constitution, and it was not clear what change amendments would bring.
Despite more than a half-century in exile, the Dalai Lama is still revered by most Tibetans as their traditional king and spiritual leader. Many worship him as a near deity. He is the 14th person to hold the title in a tradition stretching back 500 years, with each Dalai Lama chosen as a child by senior monks through a series of mystical signs. Each is believed to be the reincarnation of his predecessor.
The current Dalai Lama has indicated his successor would come from the exile community. Beijing, though, insists the reincarnation must be found in China’s Tibetan areas, giving the Communist authorities immense power over who is chosen.
Many observers believe there eventually will be rival Dalai Lamas — one appointed by Beijing and one by senior monks loyal to the current Dalai Lama.
The reverence for the Dalai Lama was apparent just after his speech, when exile Prime Minister Samdhong Rinpoche met with reporters.