Is Colombian ‘dry canal’ plan real?

Some say rail challenge to Canal a pipe dream

A cargo ship heading for the Panama Canal passes fishing vessels. Colombia's president dreams of creating a rail line that would capture some of the trade now using the Canal. Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos, below, says the plan for a railway linking the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean is "quite advanced" but others doubt it. (Associated Press)A cargo ship heading for the Panama Canal passes fishing vessels. Colombia’s president dreams of creating a rail line that would capture some of the trade now using the Canal. Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos, below, says the plan for a railway linking the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean is “quite advanced” but others doubt it. (Associated Press)
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BOGOTA, Colombia | This nation that lost its isthmus to U.S.-backed separatists a century ago has long dreamed of creating an alternative to the Panama Canal, which has given its neighbor so much strategic heft and wealth in shipping tolls.

So when President Juan Manuel Santos recently said Colombia and China were working on building a “dry canal” to connect the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea by railway, Colombians wondered: Is it for real? Or is it just another of many pipe dreams to rival Panama’s crossing?

In an interview with the Financial Times last month, Mr. Santos called the plan “quite advanced.”

What he did not explain is that the plan remains largely conceptional, senior government officials, Chinese diplomats and industry authorities told the Associated Press.

In a recent interview, Transport Minister German Cardona called the proposed railway “a rough draft … an idea” floated by the Chinese four or five months ago.

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos (AP Photo)

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Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos (AP Photo) more >

He said he is also unfamiliar with a project Mr. Santos mentioned in a New York Times interview published this month to build a related city for 250,000 people on the Caribbean coast.

Another senior government official, speaking on the condition of anonymity because the official was not authorized to discuss the matter publicly, told the AP the entire railway scheme is at this stage “a Chinese story,” a Spanish idiom for a “tall tale.”

No letter of intent has been signed, and there are serious doubts it would be environmentally wise or economically feasible to construct a railway through or near the Darien Gap — swamp-laced virgin jungle where leftist rebels still roam.

According to Mr. Santos, China’s railway engineers intend to connect an unspecified Pacific port to the new city to be built near Cartagena. There, the Chinese would assemble products to be sent to the United States and elsewhere. The trains would carry back Colombian coal and other China-bound raw materials.

The executive director of Latinports, an association of more than 20 port authorities in the Americas, said he has only heard about the project from media reports.

“What we don’t know is how real this is,” said the official, Julian Palacio.

Or how feasible to think it could compete with the Panama Canal.

The general manager of the port society of Buenaventura, Colombia’s only major Pacific port, Domingo Chinea, said it is “a joke” to think a rail line could compete with the Panama Canal.

Transporting by rail the cargo that a single ship can bear across the Panama Canal would require about 80 train trips, he estimated. Plus, Buenaventura can only handle ships of up to 40 tons — compared to the 100,000-ton vessels that can move through Panama.

Whether or not Mr. Santos is sincere, Heather Berkman, a Latin America analyst with the Eurasia Group, says it smacks of political brinkmanship.

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