LONDON | It was a shotgun wedding.
When none of Britian’s political parties won the 326 parliamentary seats needed for an outright majority in last May’s general elections, the Conservatives, who won the most votes, were compelled to wed an unlikely partner - the Liberal Democrats, Britain’s third-biggest party - in order to form a government.
Nearly a year later, despite a malcontent electorate and regular drubbings in the press, the coalition is holding fast and forging ahead with an aggressive austerity agenda while the Labor Party watches from the sidelines.
The Conservative-Liberal Democrat marriage has been kept intact by the parties’ mutual commitment to reducing the country’s massive deficit, lawmakers from both parties say.
By Election Day in May 2010, Britain’s deficit had hit a record high of $270 billion - about 11 percent of the country’s gross domestic product. Reducing the deficit and getting the economy back on track are top priorities for both the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats.
“Of course, there have been robust discussions around the Cabinet table,” said Cabinet Minister Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, chairwoman of the Conservative Party. “But, fundamentally, we are two parties working together in the national interest.”
John Thurso, a Liberal Democrat lawmaker from Scotland, said there are two aspects to the coalition’s success: the relationship between the two parties and how they deal with nation’s problems.
The coalition’s austerity plan - which includes deep cuts for welfare, health care and education, among other services - has irked voters.
A Sunday Times survey this month found that 57 percent of the public disapprove of the government’s record, while just 27 percent approve. Labor Party leader Ed Miliband scored higher job approval ratings than either Prime Minister David Cameron of the Conservative Party or Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg of the Liberal Democrats.
“I don’t think much of the coalition government because of all the cutbacks,” said Kim Wallace, 33, of West Kensington, a longtime Labor supporter who voted Conservative in the last election. “Families are being penalized by the cuts. I know a lot of people who work in children’s centers who have lost their jobs.”
Tony Lloyd, a Labor lawmaker for Manchester Central, said the coalition is hugely unpopular in his community.
“Manchester has done quite badly on the various cuts that have come through, so there is resentment that this is a very upper-middle-class government,” he said, adding that cuts to local governments and law enforcement are particularly worrisome for his constituents.
But the pace and depth of the cuts is necessary, said Brooks Newmark, a Conservative lawmaker for Braintree. “In business, if you take over a company hemorrhaging money, you don’t say ‘I will deal with this over five years,’ ” he said. “You address the problem up front and live within your means.”
Mr. Newmark called the Labor Party, which had been in power for 13 years before last year’s election, “deficit deniers who are like alcoholics who deny they have an alcohol problem.”