‘Disabled’ doesn’t mean ‘dumb’

Documentary stars autistic men whose intelligence can’t be typecast

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MONTPELIER, Vt. | When Tracy Thresher has something to say, he uses his right index finger and a special computer that gives voice to what he types. Hunched over the device, he begins.

Tap, tap, tap. Tap, tap, tap. Tap, tap, tap, tap … .

Autism silences the 43-year-old Vermont man. He doesn’t speak - but he has a message for the world about how people should think of people like him. So he taps it out.

“To think intelligence, even if you see wacky, goofy behavior. We are simply intelligence, shown in a different way,” comes the robotic voice, broadcast out of his computer.

For 10 years, Mr. Thresher and his friend Larry Bissonnette, 53, have been advocates for people with autism and the disabled community at large. They are about to get a new platform for spreading their can-do message: They are the focus of “Wretches and Jabberers,” a documentary film opening in 40 cities that makes the point that “disabled” doesn’t mean “dumb.”

“Wretches” is what they jokingly call themselves after picking up the term from another person with autism. To them, “Jabberers” are people who can speak.

At turns funny, warm and sad, the 90-minute film will be shown at the AMC Loews Georgetown 14 on K Street Northwest at noon Saturday. AMC theaters screening “Wretches” “will have the same auditorium and programming configurations” as movies shown in the chain’s Sensory Friendly Films program, according to a statement. In these screenings, designed for autistic viewers and their families, there are no pre-show advertisements or trailers, and “the house lights in the auditoriums are turned up, the sound turned down, and guests are invited to get up and dance, walk, shout or sing as they please.”

The film follows Mr. Thresher and Mr. Bissonnette to Sri Lanka, Japan and Finland on a mission to change people’s attitudes about disability, intelligence and communication. Along the way, they’re seen dodging traffic, talking about the meaning of life with a Buddhist monk and bathing in a Finnish sauna.

Directed by Academy Award-winning director Gerardine Wurzburg, it was underwritten by the John P. Hussman Foundation, an Ellicott City, Md., organization that provides aid to people with significant disabilities.

“My motivation is about changing the general public’s perception about people with different abilities,” Miss Wurzburg says. “That’s what this film does. It challenges people’s perceptions about autism, and it communicates it through the perspective of people labeled by society.

“At the core, it’s a human rights and civil rights issue,” says Miss Wurzburg, whose other films include the Oscar-winning “Educating Peter” (1992) and “Autism is a World” (2005), which was nominated for an Academy Award.

Autism, which has no known single cause, is a developmental disability that affects a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others.

Mr. Thresher and Mr. Bissonnette suffered in silence for much of their lives, until the advent of what’s known as augmentative or alternative communication devices. Typically, the devices consist of special keyboards equipped with voice output software that turn typed words into spoken ones.

Mr. Thresher, who lived at home until he was 21, went to public schools. Mr. Bissonnette was institutionalized into his 20s, at the now-closed Brandon Training School and the Vermont State Hospital.

“It was hard growing up,” says Mr. Thresher’s mother, Susan Thresher, 62, of Barre Town, Vt. “It was difficult going to school and being shut in a room doing a puzzle, when you’ve got such intelligence upstairs that he couldn’t explain to everybody, just how he knew everything that was going on.

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