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Northern Ireland is ruled by a mandatory form of coalition government. All parties, republican and unionist, are represented to ensure that republican voices were not silenced by a unionist bloc.

Northern Irelands deputy prime minister, Martin McGuinness, himself a former IRA leader, has called the dissidents “traitors.”

Meanwhile, the question of a united Ireland lingers. The story of the Provisional IRA is one of former revolutionaries settling for reform. This in itself has bred discontent among hard-liners, said Mick Fealty who runs an influential political blog SluggerOToole.com.

“For republicans, the promise of the peace process was more substantial than what has been delivered,” he said. “So, as the gun smoke began to clear, it became obvious that moves toward a united Ireland have not been delivered.”