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Other documents taken by Soviet trophy brigades from the Nazis that could help reconstruct how Jews lived before and during the Holocaust have not been returned, as demonstrated by the newly published English-language guide to collections at the Russian State Military Archive, “Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow.”

The book, which includes a description of the Schneerson texts captured during World War II, was published in association with the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and the Jewish Theological Seminary, with funding for the research coming from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.

Wesley Fisher, the research director at the Claims Conference, said the collections, some of the most important archives of their kind in the world, were thought to have been destroyed for decades until they were found secreted away in the former Soviet Union.

“These are some of the last prisoners who have not gone home,” he said.