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China is now Virginia’s second-largest export market after ranking 14th in 2000. Japan is the 11th and South Korea ranks in the top 30.

More than 120 Japanese companies currently do business in Virginia. Mr. McDonnell hopes the Shanghai office will bring about a similar relationship with China.

“It gives us an opportunity for a Virginia presence,” he said, speaking from Shanghai on a conference call to reporters. “There are tremendous market opportunities for both exports to China and Chinese investment in Virginia.”

Mr. McDonnell also promoted Virginia agricultural products like pork, peanuts, soybeans and wine during the trip from May 7 to 17, which included stops in Tokyo, Shanghai, Beijing and Seoul.

The delegation included Secretary of Commerce and Trade James Cheng, Secretary of Agriculture and Forestry Todd Haymore and economic development and tourism officials, among others.

Last year, Mr. McDonnell led a similar trip to Germany and the United Kingdom, where he promoted Virginia wines and wood products and was involved in closing a deal with a film-production company to expand operations in Winchester, Va.

His office is planning a trip later this year to Israel and India, where the governor intends to open another trade office.