- Associated Press - Thursday, May 26, 2011

The Republican-controlled House on Thursday overwhelmingly passed a $690 billion defense bill that would limit President Obama’s authority on reducing nuclear weapons and deciding the fate of terrorist suspects.

On a 322-96 vote, the House approved the broad defense blueprint that would provide a 1.6 percent increase in military pay; fund an array of aircraft, ships and submarines; and increase health care fees slightly for working-age military retirees.

The bill meets the Pentagon’s request for $119 billion to fight the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Final passage came shortly after the House narrowly rejected a measure that would have required an accelerated timetable and exit strategy for withdrawing U.S. forces from Afghanistan nearly 10 years after the conflict began.

Mr. Obama will begin drawing down some of the 100,000 troops in Afghanistan in July, with all combat forces due out by 2014. Proponents of the measure, which came up short on a 215-204 vote, said it sends the strongest signal yet to Mr. Obama that the initial troop reduction must be more than a token cut.

“It’s more than people are weary,” Rep. Jim McGovern, Massachusetts Democrat and sponsor of the amendment, said shortly after the vote. “They’re frustrated and not quite sure what we’re doing there.”

In another sign of exasperation with war, the House overwhelmingly backed an amendment that would bar any taxpayer dollars for U.S. ground forces or private security contractors in Libya with the exception of those involved in rescue missions of U.S. service members. The vote was 416-5.

Lawmakers have complained that Mr. Obama violated the 1972 War Powers Resolution, failing to seek congressional authorization for the U.S. military operation in Libya.

Mr. Obama recently said the U.S. involvement is limited in the NATO-led operation. He also has said he would not send ground forces to Libya.

The House bill must be reconciled with a Senate version. The Senate Armed Services Committee will begin crafting its bill the week of June 13.

Drawing the threat of a presidential veto, the House bill would limit Mr. Obama’s authority to transfer terrorist suspects from the U.S. naval facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to installations in the United States, even for trial.

It also would make it difficult for the administration to move detainees to foreign countries.

The House added another provision Thursday, voting 246-173 to require that all foreign terrorist suspects be tried in military tribunals.

The dispute over the fate of 170 detainees at the U.S. naval installation elicited the fiercest debate between Republicans and Democrats.

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