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The List: Famous fugitives
In light of the recent killing of Osama bin Laden, the List looks at other notable fugitives and famous manhunts.
- Osama bin Laden — The world’s most famous terrorist was tracked down and shot early Monday after a nearly 10-year hunt. Navy SEALs killed bin Laden in Abbottabad, a medium-sized city about an hour´s drive north of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan.
- Saddam Hussein — The dictator of Iraq for 24 years went on the run after the U.S. invasion of Iraq in March 2003. On Dec. 13, 2003, U.S. forces captured Saddam, who was hiding in a hole at a farmhouse near Tikrit. He was hanged on Dec. 30, 2006.
- Spartacus — The leader of a slave uprising against the Roman Republic in 73 B.C. was tracked down after two years by Roman generals Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey) and Marcus Licinius Crassus. The eventual fate of Spartacus is unknown, but historians generally believe he perished in battle with his men. His body was never found.
- Bonnie and Clyde — Outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Chestnut Barrow, who were responsible for more than a dozen bank robberies and numerous killings starting in 1931, were gunned down in an ambush on May 23, 1934, in Bienville Parish, La., by a posse of Texas officers led by Frank Hamer.
- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid — Robert LeRoy Parker and Harry Longabaugh were notorious American train and bank robbers and members of the Wild Bunch Gang. From 1896, they were sought by authorities and pursued by the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. They fled to Bolivia, where they were killed by Bolivian police on Nov. 6, 1908, after they tried to rob a mining company’s payroll.
- John Dillinger — The American gangster and bank robber was released from prison in May 1933 and returned to a life of crime. Dillinger also was charged with the murder of a police officer in East Chicago. On July 22, 1934, police, led by Melvin Purvis, moved to arrest him as he left the Biograph Theater in Chicago. He pulled a weapon and attempted to flee but was shot three times and killed.
- Hereward the Wake — The 11th-century leader led a resistance movement to the 1066 Norman conquest of England in a region around the city of Ely now in Cambridgeshire, England. He probably died at the hands of Norman knights in 1072.
- Eric Robert Rudolph — Rudolph was responsible for the bombing at the Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta on July 27, 1996, during the Summer Olympics. He spent more than five years on the run in the Appalachian wilderness. He was arrested behind a Save-A-Lot store in Murphy, N.C., at about 4 a.m. on May 31, 2003, by Officer Jeffrey Scott Postell.
- Dick Turpin — Turpin was an English highwayman. It was only after his execution in York for horse theft, under the alias of John Palmer, that Turpin’s true identity was revealed by a letter he wrote to his brother-in-law from his prison cell.
- Adolf Eichmann — One of the major organizers of the Holocaust, Eichmann fled to Argentina after the war. He was captured in 1960 by Mossad operatives in Argentina and taken to Israel, where he was found guilty and executed by hanging in 1962.
- D.B. Cooper — Cooper hijacked a Boeing 727 aircraft over Portland, Ore., on Nov. 24, 1971, and extorted $200,000 in ransom. He parachuted out of the plane to an uncertain fate. Although the FBI says Cooper probably did not survive the jump, the agency maintains an active case file.
- John Wilkes Booth — The stage actor who shot President Lincoln on April 14, 1865, was hunted down by Union soldiers and fatally shot in a tobacco barn at Richard Garrett’s farm in Virginia on April 26.
- Jesse James — The infamous outlaw and killer from Missouri eluded the Pinkerton National Detective Agency for six years. He was shot in the back on April 3, 1882, in his house by his friend Robert Ford, who had been conducting secret negotiations with Missouri Gov. Thomas T. Crittenden.
- Marc Rich — Rich, who made millions of dollars selling oil for Iran, fled to Switzerland in 1983 just before he was indicted in the U.S. for “trading with the enemy” and evading taxes. During his last week in office, President Clinton granted Rich a pardon that caused a major uproar. Rich still faces civil penalties but has never returned to the U.S.
- Roman Polanski — In 1977, the Hollywood director pleaded guilty to the charge of unlawful sex with a minor. In order to avoid sentencing, he fled to France. In 2009, he was arrested by Swiss police at the request of U.S. authorities who asked for his extradition. Since then, he has been released by the Swiss. The charges are still pending in the U.S.
- Dennis L. Rader — The BTK (Bind, Torture, Kill) serial killer, who terrorized Kansans for nearly 20 years, was caught on Feb. 25, 2005. Rader, who pleaded guilty to 10 murders from 1974 to 1991, sent a floppy disk to a TV station in Wichita, and police were able to determine that the disk had been used by the Christ Lutheran Church in Wichita, where Rader was president of the church council.
- Bruno Hauptmann —Hauptmann, a carpenter, was responsible for the kidnapping of the 19-month-old son of aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh from the family home in New Jersey in 1932. The toddler’s body was found 10 weeks later. A 2-year nationwide hunt led to the arrest of Hauptmann, who was executed by electric chair.
Compiled by John Haydon
Sources: Daily Beast, Wikipedia, latimes.com and The Washington Times
© Copyright 2014 The Washington Times, LLC. Click here for reprint permission.
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