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At the end of the day, we will come to the conclusion that getting only a symbolic leader without dealing with the [terrorist] network is something that we should be careful about,” Mr. Hakimi said.

“We want to stress, the job is not done yet,” he added.

Michael Semple, a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard Kennedy School of Government, said he has heard from many members of the Taliban who now say they doubt the wisdom of prolonging their military campaign against the U.S.-led coalition in Afghanistan.

Bin Laden’s death is “prompting a reassessment in the Taliban of the long-term viability of their military strategy, which was, broadly, to ride out the U.S. military intervention,” he said.

“They would like to see a political way of moving forward, and they will see [bin Laden’s death] as an opportunity,” said Mr. Semple, who served as the deputy to the European Union’s envoy to Afghanistan from 2004 until 2007.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told a gathering of editorial writers last week that bin Laden’s death “opens possibilities for dealing with the Taliban that did not exist before.”

The al Qaeda leader was killed in an early morning raid on his hide-out last week in Abbottabad, a garrison town 30 miles from the Pakistani capital, Islamabad. The compound in which bin Laden had been hiding is located less than a mile from the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul - Pakistan’s equivalent of West Point.

Mr. Hakimi said he was not surprised to learn that bin Laden had been living in Pakistan. He said he thinks that bin Laden’s deputy, Ayman al-Zawahri, is also outside Afghanistan.

“It proves the position of Afghanistan for years and years that the safe havens and leadership of al Qaeda and other terrorist networks are outside Afghanistan,” he said.

“We Afghans know our country and region better and expect our international friends and allies to listen to us.”

The Afghan Taliban leadershipis dependent on the same safe havens in Pakistan on which bin Laden relied.

“I believe that every Taliban leader in the past few days has been thinking, ‘Who’s next?’ ” Mr. Semple said.