NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Military aircraft from Sudan crossed the new international border with South Sudan and dropped bombs Thursday in and around a camp filled with refugees fleeing violence in the north, officials said. At least 12 people were killed.
The violence in and near the Yida refugee camp, located 10 miles (15 kilometers) south of the border, came one day after bombings were reported in another region of South Sudan, an attack that provoked strong condemnation from the U.S. State Department.
The president of South Sudan, which became the world’s newest country only four months ago, said he fears the Khartoum-based government intends to invade the south soon.
“Whatever allegations Khartoum labels against the Republic of South Sudan are baseless, but intended to justify his pending invasion of the south,” President Salva Kiir said. He later added: “We are committed to peaceful resolutions to any conflict but we will never allow our sovereignty to be violated by anybody.”
The violence is especially troubling given the history between the two sides: The black African tribes of South Sudan and the mainly Arab north battled two civil wars over more than five decades, and some 2 million died in the latest war, from 1983-2005.
A peace deal ended the war and South Sudan became its own country in July after a successful independence referendum. But there have been lingering disputes over border demarcation and oil-sharing revenues.
Jonathan Hutson, a spokesman for the U.S. advocacy group the Enough Project, said aid workers inside the Yida refugee camp said at least one bomb landed in the camp, and three or four fell outside it. The aid workers or their groups could not be named for security reasons, Hutson said.
The Wednesday bombings in Upper Nile state sparked condemnation from the U.S. State Department, which said the “unacceptable and unjustified” attacks increase the potential of conflict between Sudan and South Sudan. South Sudan’s president said Thursday that seven people were killed in those bombings.
“The regime’s end game is to either capture South Sudan’s oil fields along their common border, or achieve a stronger negotiating position on shared oil revenues and border demarcation,” Prendergast said. “This provocation must be countered by the full force of the international community, or else a massive war could unfold.”
South Sudan’s oil reserves must be pumped through pipelines that run through Sudan. Splitting the oil revenues has long been a major sticking point between the two sides. Another major issue is the demarcation of the border. Though the countries are now separate an official border has not yet been laid down.
Sudan has accused South Sudan of arming pro-South Sudan groups in its territory. But Kiir said Thursday that the accusations from Khartoum are “smoke screens” to mask Sudan’s support of armed groups fighting a proxy war against South Sudan.
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