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Monti’s choices raised some eyebrows.

“This government — ties to banks, to business, to the Vatican, to private universities, to the usual names — is the opposite of what this country needs,” said Paolo Ferrero, leader of a tiny, far-left party.

But analysts gave Monti’s selections top marks.

“I think the quality of the people is very high,” said Roberto D’Alimonte, a political science professor at Rome’s LUISS University. “All these people are very high-caliber, and highly respected, independent.”

In other choices, the new defense minister is Adm. Giampaolo Di Paola, currently NATO’s top military officer. Three ministers are university professors, like Monti, and three are women, reflecting Monti’s insistence that women hold more high-profile posts in government.

The Association of Magistrates — which had an antagonistic relationship with Berlusconi’s government — welcomed the appointment of Paola Severino and pledged its support to improve the justice system.

The shift in power away from career politicians had caused bickering within Berlusconi’s conservative People of Freedom Party, which eventually endorsed Monti. But Berlusconi’s main coalition ally, the Northern League, has announced it will stay in the opposition during Monti’s government.

The head of Italy’s largest union confederation, Susanna Camusso, backed Monti but hoped he “won’t put his priority on pensions.”

Parliament last week voted to raise the retirement age as part of an austerity package to 67 by 2026 and 70 by 2050, but critics say those reforms are meaningless because they are so far in the future. The new reforms also call for the sale of state property, privatizing some services, and offering tax incentives to companies that hire young workers. But the measures contained no painful labor reforms.

While centrist lawmakers pledged full support of Monti, ordinary Italians weren’t so enthusiastic about an unelected government.

“When governments of technocrats are needed, it means democracy and politics are considered useless, so it’s something negative that has to be for a limited period of time,” said skeptic Giuseppe Drago on the streets of Rome.

Barry reported from Milan.