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Germany, France and Britain are pushing for a resolution this week in the U.N. General Assembly calling for an end to the human rights violations in Syria.

Even so, Russia and China continue to oppose U.N. sanctions. Last month, the two countries vetoed a Security Council resolution condemning the crackdown against protesters.

However, Mr. Assad now is being shunned by his neighbors. Jordan’s King Abdullah II said last week that Mr. Assad should step down. Turkey has threatened to cut off power supplies to Syria and is calling for regime change.

Close ally Iran has expressed dismay over the violence even as it accuses the West of escalating tensions in the country.

In the meantime, the internal pressure is increasing.

The Free Syrian Army claimed responsibility for several military-style raids in the past week, including attacks Thursday on the governing party’s offices near the Turkish border and on intelligence bases just outside the country’s capital on Wednesday as well as an attack on a checkpoint near Hama that killed eight members of the Syrian military.

Turkey and France have promised to support the rebels, also with weapons.

With the increasing violence from both sides, many worry about civil war.

“People hope the end is coming soon,” said Hozan Ibrahim of the Local Coordination Committee of Syria, which has organized the uprising. “People have to keep demonstrating. But the regime, meanwhile, keeps trying to push them more and more into a sectarian war.”

Analysts say that prospect is real as the conflict continues and note that a few key factors will determine what happens.

One is whether the opposition, the deeply divided Syrian National Council, becomes a credible alternative to the regime.

Activists and analysts say council members are increasingly putting aside their differences and learning how to become a uniting force.

“The Syrian National Council is trying to bring increasingly more opposition parties together to [create a unified voice],” said Mr. Ibrahim. “This way, there will be people who can take over power.”

Another issue is economics. The Syrian economy is buckling under the strain of months of near siege in some areas, as well as international sanctions and embargoes.

So far, Mr. Assad’s backing has come from the business community in Damascus and Aleppo, but it is unclear how long he can maintain such support.

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