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The New York-based group said the shelling caused most, if not all, of the 35 civilian deaths in the city since late October. It also said opposition fighters fought from densely populated areas, “unlawfully placing civilians at grave risk.”

Human Rights Watch called on the U.N. Security Council to impose a travel ban on Saleh and not respect the parts of the Gulf deal that protect him from standing trial.

Al-Haj reported from Cairo.