WARSAW (AP) — Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk took his first steps toward building a new government Monday after his centrist ruling party became the country’s first ever to win re-election since the collapse of communism in 1989.
Results of Sunday’s election showed that his pro-European party can maintain a narrow majority in parliament with its small coalition partner — a sign of deepening stability in this nation of 38 million.
As well as being the first time in 22 years of Poland‘s post-communist history that a ruling party has won a second consecutive term, Mr. Tusk’s re-election stopped a string of defeats for incumbent governments in Europe. Over the past year or so, a swath of governments from Ireland to Latvia have been kicked out as they bore the cost of the economic turmoil.
In another first, Palikot's Movement, a new left-wing party that opposes the church’s influence in political life in this conservative and mainly Catholic country, entered parliament as the third-largest force. It seems to be benefiting from the country’s growing secularism and disenchantment with the established parties. Thanks to its strong showing, a transsexual and an openly gay activist are now poised to take seats in parliament, also unprecedented.
Mr. Tusk took his initial steps toward creating a new government on Monday after the state electoral commission issued a near-final vote count that left no doubt that he is the winner.
He met with President Bronislaw Komorowski, who said all logic indicates that Mr. Tusk will remain as prime minister. Under Polish law it is the president who charges the victor with forming a government.
Analysts said the election results suggest the government will continue with the broad thrust of its policies, which have been marked by close cooperation with the European Union and the use of EU funds to modernize a country still struggling to catch up economically with Western Europe.
The government also has tried to modernize the country and jolt the economy by privatizing state-run enterprises. Economic development on its watch has been impressive. The economy is growing at 4 percent this year, though it is expected to slow to around 3 percent next year in the wake of the broader slowdown across Europe.
Critics, however, fault it for not going further in reducing regulations and otherwise reforming a country still trying to overcome the economic legacy of communism. Unemployment is nearly 12 percent, and wages are still relatively low — problems that have pushed hundreds of thousands of Poles in recent years to migrate to Britain and elsewhere.
The budget deficit also has been growing, and the ratings agency Fitch urged the new government on Monday to implement more “drastic” fiscal measures.
Poland has been shielded from some of the turmoil by not being part of the eurozone. It also has benefited from an influx of EU subsidies that have stimulated development, while its large internal market maintained an appetite for consumption even during the global slowdown.
Markets reacted positively to the news, with Poland‘s main stock index, the WIG-20, rising 1.4 percent by the early afternoon and outperforming its European counterparts.
“Overall, the outcome of the elections is good news for investors as pro-market policies are likely to be continued and there should be a solid parliamentary majority for fiscal reforms,” Danske Bank said.
A count by electoral authorities from 99.5 percent of constituencies gave a comfortable lead to Civic Platform with just more than 39 percent support. That puts it well ahead of its main rival, the conservative Law and Justice party of former Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski, with nearly 30 percent support. The twin brother of former President Lech Kaczynski, who died in a plane crash last year, acknowledged his defeat Sunday night.
The count shows that Mr. Tusk’s pro-market Civic Platform and its coalition partner, the Polish People's Party, would hold a narrow majority in the 460-member lower house of parliament if they continue their coalition.
The Polish People's Party — a socially conservative group that represents farmers’ interests — had more than 8 percent support in the near-final count. Jointly, the two parties could have 234 seats in the 460-member lower house, or Sejm.
The two parties enjoyed a drama-free relationship, at least in public, that added to the government’s stable image — and contrasted with the public fighting that had marred past governments. Though the parties had some disagreements, they managed to work them out behind closed doors, according to Warsaw Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz, a prominent Civic Platform member.
The new left-wing party, Palikot's Movement, was in third place with 10 percent. Led by entrepreneur and maverick lawmaker Janusz Palikot, the party has gained popularity by promising to support gay rights, liberalize the country’s strict abortion laws and legalize marijuana.
The only other party that would make it into parliament is the Democratic Left Alliance, which won slightly more than 8 percent of the votes cast.
That figure marks a sharp decline for the party, the successor to the Communist Party, which ruled Poland before 1989. It has held power off and on since communism fell in 1989 but has seen its popularity decline steadily in recent years. In this election it appeared to lose voters to Palikot's Movement, which shares many of its ideological positions.
Party Chairman Grzegorz Napieralski announced Monday that he would not put himself up for re-election when his party next votes on its leadership.
Monika Scislowska contributed to this article.