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Mr. Obama had promised during the 2008 presidential campaign to end the war, a pledge he reminded his audience of on Friday.

“After a decade of war the nation that we need to build and the nation that we will build is our own, an America that sees its economic strength restored just as we’ve restored our leadership around the globe,” Mr. Obama said.

His announcement capped a week in which NATO and Libyan rebel forces also hunted down and killed Col. Moammar Gadhafi, seven months after Mr. Obama initiated a military operation in Libya.

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, who in 2006 memorably insisted that the war was “lost,” praised Mr. Obama’s move as “the right decision at the right time.”

Said the Nevada Democrat, “The Iraqi people have demonstrated the capability to secure their own country, and it is time for us to leave.”