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Three others, including two children, also were rescued from the same building in Ercis 20 hours after the quake struck.

Two other survivors were trapped for more than 27 hours.

Aid groups scrambled to set up tents, field hospitals and kitchens to help the thousands left homeless or too afraid to re-enter their homes. Many exhausted residents spent a second night outside.

The bustling, larger city of Van, about 55 miles south of Ercis, also reported substantial damage. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who inspected the area, said “close to all” the mud-brick homes in surrounding villages had collapsed in the temblor that also rattled parts of Iran and Armenia.

Leaders around the world, including President Obama, conveyed their condolences and offered assistance, but Mr. Erdogan said Turkey is able to cope for now. Azerbaijan, Iran and Bulgaria still sent aid, he said.

Among those offering help were Israel, Greece and Armenia - all despite having issues in their relations with Turkey.