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DES MOINES — Rick Perry promises to create at least 2.5 million new jobs in his campaign’s first television advertisement as he seeks to refocus his struggling GOP presidential bid on his economic successes as Texas governor.

Mr. Perry was using the 30-second spot beginning Wednesday in Iowa to reintroduce himself as a serious threat to national GOP poll leader Mitt Romney, who is making the economy the centerpiece of his second bid for the GOP nomination.

In the ad, Mr. Perry notes Texas’ robust job growth during his 10 years as governor, and promises to open domestic energy production and eliminate regulations that he contends have hurt the energy sector under President Obama.

Mr. Perry reinforced his national campaign with seasoned presidential campaign aides this week and outlined an economic plan that includes a flat income tax.

HOUSE

Massachusetts Rep. Olver announces retirement

Democratic Rep. John W. Olver of Massachusetts will retire at the end of his term.

The 75-year-old congressman announced Wednesday that he will step down from his western Massachusetts seat because of family circumstances. His wife is ill with cancer.

Mr. Olver’s decision comes as Massachusetts officials wrestle with a redistricting process that will reduce the state’s congressional seats from 10 to nine.

Mr. Olver, who has held his seat since 1991, is a member of the House Appropriations Committee. He is a former college professor.

MICHIGAN

Former lawmaker Wolpe dies at 71

DETROIT — Former Democratic U.S. Rep. Howard Wolpe, who helped pass the federal anti-apartheid act in 1986, has died. He was 71.

Former staffer Ken Brock says the seven-term congressman had recently been ill with a heart condition. Mr. Wolpe died Tuesday at his home in Saugatuck.

He served in Congress from 1979 to 1992. As chairman of the House Foreign Affairs subcommittee on Africa, he authored and managed legislation imposing sanctions on South Africa for its system of white-minority rule.

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