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Question of the Day
LOS ANGELES (AP) - Steve Jobs made it easy for people to entertain themselves on high-tech devices, and he unveiled gadget after gadget with an effortless touch. But away from the bright lights of the stage, Jobs was a tough negotiator who took turns charming and berating potential business partners to pull off his latest act.
The influential co-founder of Apple Inc., who died Wednesday at 56, combined persuasion and power to shoehorn content into devices. He rattled existing business models and became a headache to executives at other companies.
And consumers loved him for it.
Today, iPods, iPhones and iPads are great tools to listen to music, watch videos, play games and read print material bought on the iTunes digital store. Devices are still core to Apple’s profits, but what’s in them _ songs, novels, magazines and movies _ took Jobs‘ signature determination to get there.
Anne Sweeney, president of Disney-ABC, remembers when Jobs wooed her several years ago with what was then his latest device, the video iPod, in order to persuade her to license ABC shows to be shown on the iPod’s tiny screen.
Jobs flew down to Burbank, Calif., with a team from Cupertino and wowed ABC’s top brass with an episode of the broadcaster’s own hit show, “Lost.” This was well before Jobs became a billionaire when The Walt Disney Co. bought the animated movie company Pixar from him in 2006.
“He said, `You keep calling yourself a media company. And you just keep talking about content. You’re a media and technology company and you had better come to terms with that and you better embrace it because that’s who you are.’ And he wasn’t wrong,” Sweeney said at a Los Angeles media conference last month.
Jobs had no qualms about telling company suits what he thought they ought to be doing. A lot of the time, he said they were doing things “all wrong.”
Before iTunes was a music store, Apple made iMac computers that could “Rip, Mix, (and) Burn” music from CDs. The company was one of many that jumped onto the wave of music piracy that brought the recording industry to its knees.
As the industry struggled to find a way out of the mess, Jobs brought them a way to promote the legal consumption of music, and he had specific ideas of how to do it. He dressed down lower-level record company executives over their ideas in early meetings and then showed off his plan for what would become the world’s largest music store.
In 2002, he charmed Warner Music’s then CEO, Roger Ames, into believing 99-cent digital songs were the way of the future. For a lack of better alternatives, the other major recording labels, even Sony Corp. with its competing file format, jumped aboard. A year later, the iTunes music store launched with 200,000 tracks.
The store, now with more than 20 million tracks, has become immensely popular, having sold more than 16 billion songs so far. It has a 70 percent share of the digital download market, according to NPD Group. More than a fifth of U.S. music sales by revenue come through Apple.
But iTunes has proven to be a mixed blessing for the music industry: Digital revenue is growing, but CD sales have continued to plunge in the decade since its debut. The music industry often blames the fact that iTunes encourages people to buy songs individually rather than entire albums.
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