- Associated Press - Tuesday, September 20, 2011

BERLIN (AP) — When Pope Benedict XVI arrives in Berlin this week, he will be greeted in his homeland by a Lutheran chancellor, a gay mayor and a divorced, remarried Roman Catholic president.

The breadth of potential social and religious conflicts represented by the German leadership reflects the state of a nation that is proud of, but also sometimes indifferent and antagonistic toward, the German-born pontiff and the church he represents.

In a weekend address on German television ahead of his Sept. 22-25 visit, Benedict told viewers he was especially excited to visit Berlin and speak in the German parliament.

“All of this is not religious tourism, even less a show,” the 84-year-old pope, born Joseph Ratzinger, said in an address broadcast on ARD television late Sunday. “It is about bringing God back into our field of view; God who is often missing, but so very needed.”

Not all Germans are so convinced.

Protests have been organized at all the pope’s planned stops during his four-day trip. Some opposition lawmakers have said they will not attend his address to parliament, and gay and student groups have announced demonstrations to be held in Berlin and Erfurt.

“We are against discrimination, unequal treatment, against the banning of condoms, and we want to make that clear,” Joerg Steinert, director of the German Gay and Lesbian Association told Associated Press Television News. “We will be visible when the pope addresses parliament.”

Berlin’s openly gay mayor, Klaus Wowereit, has said that he welcomes the pontiff’s visit to the capital and will meet with him personally. He also has expressed understanding for the protests planned by gay, leftist and other groups in Berlin.

“It is to be expected that in a city such as Berlin, people will be critical in their view of the Catholic Church and want to express that,” Mr. Wowereit said.

Unlike Benedict’s Bavarian homeland, Berlin is largely Protestant or secular — a leftover of decades of Communist rule.

Yet even in the more staunchly Catholic southwestern city of Freiburg, the final stop on the pope’s journey, a group calling itself Freiburg Without the Pope has been printing T-shirts depicting the city’s historic cathedral sheathed in a bright pink condom.

Church organizers say the pontiff is aware of the planned protests but is choosing instead to focus on the 260,000 people who are expected to attend Masses in Berlin’s Olympic Stadium and at an airfield in Freiburg, as well as a historic ecumenical service to be held with German Lutherans in the home of the Reformation.

Roughly 30 percent of Germany‘s 82 million inhabitants are Catholic — an equal number are Lutheran — but the Catholic Church has been losing members in recent years.

The Vatican’s views on contraception, the role of women and homosexuality and its handling of the sexual abuse scandal that rocked Germany last year are seen by many here as outdated and out-of-touch.

“We are in an ongoing crisis, a shift in society, but also in the church,” said Christian Meisner, a spokesman for We Are Church, a movement that calls for reforms in the Roman Catholic Church and has planned protests at all three of the pope’s stops. The group was launched in Germany and Austria but has spread to other nations.

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