Hackers hit Syrian government websites

Hackers supporting Syria’s anti-government protesters attacked 10 websites belonging to central or local government ministries, spreading the six month-long bloody rebellion against the dictatorship of Bashar al-Assad into cyberspace over the weekend.

They replaced the websites’ home pages with caricatures of Mr. Assad, videos of protesters, an interactive map showing the names of protesters killed by the Syrian military and links to a page with tips on how to avoid online surveillance by Syria’s intelligence agencies.

“These were beautifully done, skillful hacks,” Jillian C. York, director for international freedom of expression at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, told The Washington Times.

The home pages of the Syrian labor and transportation ministries were replaced by a caricature of Mr. Assad, with a snakelike neck and the caption in Arabic:

“Don’t let Bashar monitor you online.”

The page also contained a link to a set of tips for protesters on avoiding online surveillance by the regime.

Caricatures of Mr. Assad - like most forms of political expression - are illegal under Syria’s emergency law.

The home page of the Ministry of Culture on Sunday showed amateur videos, including one of a popular singer with his throat cut, and another of a respected political cartoonist whose hands were broken. Both attacks were reportedly carried out by pro-government thugs.

The home pages of the seven largest municipalities in Syria were all replaced with an interactive map with the names of more than 2,300 protesters reportedly killed by the regime since the protests began in March.

By Monday afternoon, the central government websites had been repaired and the municipal ones taken off-line altogether.

Ms. York said that, because of the “impeccable English” and high levels of technical skills used by the hackers, “I strongly suspect they had coordinated support from outside Syria.”

“They were definitely executed with more sophistication” than similar hacks on Tunisian government sites earlier this year during the protest wave in that country, she said.

She added that the Syrian attacks looked to her like the work of “people skilled in graphic design, not just hacking.”

The hacks, carried out Sunday, were claimed by the online collective known as Anonymous. Members of the group are being hunted by the FBI and European law enforcement agencies for their illegal hacking activities.

Last year, for instance, the group launched online hacking campaigns in support of the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks, targeting financial and government websites in Europe and the United States.

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